INTERNATIONAL TRADE PRACTICE
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION. CHARTING THE HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FROM THE TREATY OF ROME.
SUBMITTED TO: HELEN DUGGAN
DUE DATE: 26/03/2010
DATE SUBMITTED: 18/03/2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Treaties of the European Union
The history of the European Union 1957 – 1972
The history of the European Union 1973 – 1995
The history of the European Union 1998 – 2009
Ireland in the European Union
Ireland in the European Union continues
Ireland joined the European Union in January 1973 and have benefited greatly as a result. The beginning of the European Union began in April of 1951, and is founded on four treaties. The European Union is not like any other organisation in the world, as its member states still retain their sovereignty. The member states which today stand at 27 members, pool together some of their control in some matters to gain greater strength as a group. The European Union has provided its members with a single currency, The Euro, and a ‘single market’ where people, goods, services and capital can move freely between member states. European Union – Organisation of European countries, formed in 1993 to oversee their economic and political integration. It was created by the Maastricht Treaty (also known as the Treaty on European Union) and ratified by all members of the European Community, out of which the European Union developed. European Community - An economic and political organization formed from the consolidation of three western European treaty organizations, the European Economic Community, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community. The treaty establishing the European Community was ratified in 1965 and took effect in 1967.
THE TREATIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION:
* The coal and steel treaty - was signed in Paris in 1951 between six countries Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The aim of the Treaty, as stated in Article 2, was to contribute, through the common market for coal and steel, to economic expansion, growth of employment and a rising standard of living. Thus, the institutions had to ensure an orderly supply to the common market by ensuring equal access to the sources of production, the establishment of the lowest prices and improved working conditions. All of this had to be accompanied by growth in international trade and modernisation of production. * The Treaty of Rome – was signed on the 25th of March 1957. The Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and also established the European Economic Community. * The Merger Treaty - signed on 8 April 1965 this created a Single Commission and a Single Council of the European Community. * The Single European Act – this was signed on 17th of February 1986. This made the single market that was created in 1993 possible. * The Treaty on European Union – this was signed on the 7th of February 1992. It is also known as the ‘Maastricht Treaty’, this Treaty brought about new ways of for member states to co ordinate on matters like defence and home affairs. * The Treaty of Amsterdam – this was signed on the 2nd of October 1997. This Treaty created more co ordination on areas involving human rights and employment rights. * The Treaty of Nice – was signed on 26th of February 2001. This restructured the European Union decision making systems. * The Lisbon Treaty – was agreed in 2007. Its main objectives are to make the EU more democratic, meeting the European citizens’ expectations for high standards of accountability, openness, transparency and participation; and to make the EU more efficient and able to tackle today's global challenges such as...
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