In Alexandria, the second largest city in Egypt, one of the greatest mathematicians to ever exist on Earth was born in 325 BCE. This mathematician’s name was Euclid. He is said to be the son of Naucrates. Euclid was named after Euclid of Megara, a philosopher who lived one hundred years before him. Not only was Euclid a mathematician and a scientist, he was an author as well. Euclid’s most well-known writing was a series of books called “The Elements”. The Elements were on subjects like circles, irrational numbers, 3D geometry, plane geometry and number theory. The Elements consist of five postulates and definitions. These books explained simple theories to detailed explanations of what a line is. Although he did not discover most of these he was the first to publish a series about them. Euclid also wrote “Data”, “which looked at what properties of figures can be deducted when other properties were given.” He wrote “On Divisions” “which looked at constructions to divide a figure into two parts with area of given ratio.” “Optics” “was the first Greek book on perspective”. “Phaenomena” was about mathematical astronomy. Euclid also wrote many other books that were lost in history such as Surface Loci, Porisms, Elements of Music, Conics, and Book of Fallacies. He is considered to be the father of geometry because of the theories he discussed in his books. Some of which still have not been proven to be true in this day and age. Although there is very little known about Euclid he is also considered to be the greatest math teacher in the world. In fact after he died in 265 BCE his fellow mathematicians continued to write books under his name.

Worked sited:
http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/euclid.html
http://www.e271.net/~marina/euclid.html
Quotes from:
http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Euclid.html

...EUCLID: The Man Who Created a Math Class
Euclid of Alexandria was born in about 325 BC. He is the most prominent mathematician of antiquity best known for his dissertation on mathematics. He was able to create "The Elements" which included the composition of many other famous mathematicians together. He began exploring math because he felt that he needed to compile certain things and fix certain postulates and theorems. His book included, many of Eudoxus'...

...Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth, metria = measure) arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modernmathematics, the other being the study of numbers (arithmetic).
Classic geometry was focused in compass and straightedge constructions. Geometry was revolutionized by Euclid, who introduced mathematical rigor and the axiomatic method still in use...

...Euclid is considered by many as the “Father of Geometry.” A Greek mathematician, Euclid is believed to have lived around 300 BC. He is most known for his contributions to geometry and immaculate proofs. His magnum opus, The Elements, is one of the greatest mathematical works in history, with its use in education still existent until the 20th century.
His areas of math ranged from geometry, algebra, number...

...EuclidEuclid was a Greek mathematician and often known as the “Father of Geometry “.He was born around 300 B.C. He taught mathematics in Alexandria, Egypt, at the Alexandria library or "Museum", and that he wrote the most enduring mathematical work of all time, the Stoicheia or Elements, a thirteen volume work. The Elements or Stoicheia is divided into thirteen books. The books go over plane geometry, arithmetic and...

...Geometry was throughly organized in about 300 B.C, when the Greek mathematician, Euclid gathered what was known at the time; added original book of his ownand arranged 465 propositions into 13 books called Elements.
Geometry is the mathematics of space and shape, which is the basis of all things that exist. Understanding geometry is necessary step by understanding how the things in our world exist. The applications of...

...Euclid, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "Father of Geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics(especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In...

... 2. Quadrilateral
3. Pentagon
4. Hexagon
5. Heptagon
6. Octagon
7. Nonagon
8. Decagon
9. Dodecagon
10. Tetradecagon
F. Circles
Introduction
"Geometry," meaning "measuring the earth," is the branch of math that has to do with spatial relationships. In other words, geometry is a type of math used to measure things that are impossible to measure with devices. For example, no one has been able take a tape measure around the...

...Euclidean GeometryGeometry was thoroughly organized in about 300 BC, when the Greek
mathematician Euclid gathered what was known at the time, added original work of
his own, and arranged 465 propositions into 13 books, called 'Elements'. The
books covered not only plane and solid geometry but also much of what is now
known as algebra, trigonometry, and advanced arithmetic.
Through the ages, the propositions have been rearranged,...

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