February 13, 2013
Professor Monique Peebles, JD
The similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics of this paper will be explained. An example of the differences on how each theory address ethics and morality will be explained. A personal experience will be explained between, virtue, values and moral concepts in this essay. Virtue theory relates to ethics by defining the character of an individual as, dependable, honest, trustworthy, upstanding, devious, or as carless, or unreliable. Virtue ethics focus more on a person’s character than his or her actions. Basically, with this virtue theory a person character can be considered good or bad or either both, which can reflect on his or her morals throughout life. A personal experience relating to virtue theory occurred when LaTonya was a teenager she was under peer pressure to steal a piece of candy from the store. LaTonya may have high ethics and morals, but she made a foolish decision. Based on the virtue theory it defines LaTonya as a bad person rather than a good person. Utilitarianism theory “suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group as a consequence than any other alternative does” (Boylan, 2009, p. 208). Utilitarianism theory also focuses on the choice made for actions and by making the choice depends on the course of action that fit the consequences for him or her. Morals for this theory are little because as long as the outcome benefit oneself at the expense of another individual it is beneficial. A personal experience for the utilitarianism theory is LaTonya do not believe a woman should sit at home and be just a house wife. LaTonya eventually stays at home and becomes a house wife even though she thinks otherwise.
Deontological ethics are the moral theory that suggests that an agent’s duty is based upon principles. “The theory bases its duties on...