Ethical Systems Table
June 20, 2012
Ethical Theory or System
| Brief Definition
| Other Names for Theory
| Real-world Example
| Workplace Example
| Duty-based Ethics
| Regardless of consequences, certain moral principles are binding, focusing on duty rather than results or moral obligation over what the individual would prefer to do (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4).In ethics, deontological ethics, or deontology (Greek: deon meaning obligation or duty), is a theory holding that decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering one's duties and the rights of others. Some systems are based on biblical or tenets from sacred.
| Deontology, pluralism, moral rights, rights-basedCategorical imperativeGolden rule, Kantian
| C * I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do.
| It is my duty to follow through with instructions my boss gives me, even if I do not agree with the concept. It is my moral obligation to respect authority figures.
| Consequence-based Ethics
| The word telos also comes from Greek and means end or purpose. People who practice this type of ethics believe there is an intricate design to the universe to achieve the most perfect society (University of Phoenix, 2010, Week Two Supplement).
| Utilitarianism, Consequentialism,TeleologicalEgoist (Ethical Terms, 2010).
| DI believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health. *
| If patients listen to their doctors and decrease their weight, it would lower the risk of diabetes. Losing weight also helps to lower the blood pressure. If patient follow their doctors advice, it would greatly help their health problems.
| Rights-based Ethics
| Rights-based ethics stems from the idea that norms in society receive their force from the idea of mutual agreement (University of Phoenix, 2010, Week Two Supplement).
| Justice, Equality, Pluralism, Moral rights
| GI believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be...
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