Mohan Chanda Karam Chand Gandhi popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi all over the world. He was also called as the father of nation by one of the greatest revolutionaries of the world Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Mahatma Gandhi has been considered as the embodiment of simplicity & openness.
Gandhi’s philosophical inheritance is from the spirit of of renunciation actions of Bhagawat Gita and his practical doctrines are based on the inspirations from three great thinkers of the world- Tolstoy, Ruskin and Thoron. Tolstoy had great influence over his life and shaped his personality. Before going or peeping into the Gandhian Philosophy, we have to understand Leo Tolstoy.
Leo Tolstoy used his life like a peasant. He gave up his wealth and took up the life of poverty. He earned his needs by his own labour. Tolstoy believed that-
- In this world men should not accumulate wealth.
- No matter now much evil a person does to us , we should always do good to him. This, according to Tolstay, has been the commandment and law of god. - No one should take part in fighting.
- It is sinful to wield political power, as is leads to many of the evils in the world. - Man is born to do his duty to the creator, he should, therefore pay more attentions to his duties than his rights. - Agriculture is the true occupation of man. It is therefore, contrary to divine law to establish large cities, to employ hundreds of thousands of minding factories so that a few can wallow in riches by exploiting the helplessness and poverty of many.
Mahatma Gandhi followed most of the principles of Leo Tolstoy in his life. His life has been message. Things that Gandhi is known for, have great relevance to the human world. Gandhi’s Satyagraha, his fasting & hunger strike, his simplicity, his collective resistance, his movement on the call of conscience, his experiencing truth, his simple living, his self labouring, his commitment of the divine, his duty orientation, his complete sincerity, are examples before the human world.
Ahimsa or non-injury of Gandhi has been one of the most formidable and powerful instrument of human action. His philosophical belief predominated his empirical actions. Gandhi believed in the experiencing of the tenets of religion and philosophy. His attitude to work has been that of renounced work.
Gandhian Attitude to a Businessman
Gandhi believed that a Vanik or Trader must have certain superior attributes like-
A true Vanik should never speak untruth.
A true Vanik should never give short measures.
A true Vanik should honour his father’s word.
A true Vanik should return principal with interest.
Good sense is the Vanik’s measure and king’s measure his credit.
MAHATMA GANDHI’S DEFINITION OF CUSTOMER
• A customer is not an outsider to our business. He is a definite part of it. • A customer is not an interruption of our work. He is the purpose of it. • A customer is doing us a favour by letting serve us. We are not doing him any favour. • A customer is not a cold static; he is flesh and blood human being with feeling and emotions like our own. • A customer is not someone to argue or match wits with. He deserves a courteous and attentive treatment. • A customer is not dependent on us. We are dependent on him. • A customer brings us his wants. It is our job to handle them properly and profitably – both to him and us. • A customer makes it possible to pay our salary, whether we are a driver, plant or office employee, salesman or a manager. • A customer is most important person in our business.
The Make of a Personality: Moksha Through Non Attachment
Gandhi’s belief in personalities has a special feature. He does not believe in the types of personalities aggrandized by greed and desire. Gandhi thinks that the root of all human problems lie in the desire and greed that the personalities are known for. Desire...