Ethical Considerations in Research Methodologies

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1) Evaluate the ethical considerations and access to information that should be observed by researchers (25) Ethics: Dresser (1998) stated that these are societal norms adopted by a group. It is a conception of conduct that is right or wrong. They deal with the fundamental human relationships and are a universal human trait. Ethical guidelines are necessary to clarify the conditions under which psychological research is acceptable. Researchers must recognize the possibility of such legal action if they infringe the rights and dignity of participants in their research. The essential principle is that the investigative research should be considered from the standpoint of all participants; foreseeable threats to their psychological well-being, health, values or dignity should be eliminated. Ramos (1989) described three types of problems that may affect the ethical nature research studies: being researcher/participant relationship, researcher subjective interpretation of data and that structural design of the research itself. It should be borne in mind that the best judge of whether an investigation will cause offence may be members of the population from which the participants in the research are to be drawn. Whenever possible, the investigator should inform all participants of the objectives of the investigation to influence willingness to participate. There are a number of issues that come to mind when speaking of the ethical code of conduct for research purposes. They can be broken down to principles that researchers are to stand by when engaging in research project. The principles therefore can be broken down to: Principle 1- Beneficence: Researchers strive to benefit those with whom they work and take care to do no harm. In their professional actions, researchers seek to safeguard the welfare and rights of those with whom they interact professionally and other affected persons and the welfare of animal subjects of research. When conflicts occur among...