Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

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Mahatma Gandhi was born in the Porbandar city of Gujarat in october 2nd, 1869. His father name is Karamchand Gandhi, the diwan of Porbandar, and his wife, Putlibai. Since his mother was a Hindu of the Pranami Vaishnava order, Gandhi learned the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting, mutual tolerance, etc, at a very tender age. Mohandas was married at the age of 13 to Kasturba Makhanji and had four sons. He passed the matriculation exam at Samaldas College of Bhavanagar. In the year 1888, Gandhi went to University College of London to study as a barrister. Gandhiji was the greatest man not only of India but to the world. He was the Father of the Nation and we called him “Bapu”.. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. At the age of seven he was sent to school. At school he proved himself only an average boy. He was always regular and punctual in his class. After passing his matriculation Examination he first studied at college and then went to England to study Law. In London he made acquaintance with Mrs. Besant and read to work of Tolstoy. Tolstoy’s teachings had deep influence on his mind. In 1891 he was called to bar. After completing his studies he returned to India. He started his practice at Bombay. But he did not do well there. Then he went to Rajkot. He was not a successful lawyer because he did not like to plead false cases, but oneday he was called by a big Indian Merchant in South Africa to conduct a law suit in a court. He went to Africa. Gandhi remained in South Africa for twenty years, suffering imprisonment many times. In 1896, after being attacked and humiliated by white South Africans, Gandhi began to teach a policy of passive resistance to, and non-cooperation with, the South African authorities. Part of the inspiration for this policy came from the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, whose influence on Gandhi was profound. Gandhi also acknowledged his debt to the teachings of Christ and to the 19th-century American writer Henry David Thoreau, especially to Thoreau's famous essay "Civil Disobedience." Gandhi considered the terms passive resistance and civil disobedience inadequate for his purposes, however, and coined another term, Satyagraha (from Sanskrit, "truth and firmness"). During his stay there he saw the people conditions of indians living in South Africa. He made up his mind to put up a brave fight for their rights. He founded the National Indian Congress. Gandhi and his friends were jailed but they carried on fight. In 1914 the Indian Relief Act was passed.

After achieving success in Africa, Gandhiji returned to India. He joined the Congress. He put new life into the movement and soon became its leader. Under his leadership, the Congress started non-violence, non-cooperation movements to protest against cruel acts of the British Government. He stood against the Rowlat and other unjust laws. Side by side with this the congress had constructive work- the removal of untouchability and the Hindu-Muslim unity. The British Government did its best to put down the independence movement. It sent Gandhiji and other leaders to jail several times. But they continued the struggle till India became free on the 15thaugust, 1947. Gandhi became a leader in a complex struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. He started various mass movement inorder to free the Indians from the British rule and it was through him that India got complete Independence. Following World War I, in which he played an active part in recruiting campaigns, Gandh advocated Satyagraha and launched his movement of  non-violent resistance to Great Britain. When, in 1919, Parliament passed the Rowlatt Acts, giving the Indian colonial authorities emergency powers to deal with so-called revolutionary activities, Satyagraha spread throughout India, gaining millions of followers. A demonstration against the Rowlatt Acts resulted in a massacre of Indians at Amritsar by...