Equine Test Notes

Topics: Digestion, Digestive system, Horse Pages: 2 (685 words) Published: February 1, 2013

Jobs in the equine industry can include stable management & stall cleaning, sales & marketing, and breeding & training. A horse that understands he has learned something new will usually lick and chew. The purpose of longing while training is to allow the horse to get bursts of energy out before riding, to teach verbal commands to the horse before teaching to ride, and to develop the horses respect for the handler. The earliest age of starting a young horse to ride is 2 years. Reinforcing is used to strengthen the response of the horse to a certain stimuli when teaching something new. An asset is what the business owns.

A liability is what the business owes.
Sharp edges on horse’s teeth need to be floated.
Most nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine.
The purpose of the esophagus is to transport food from the mouth to the stomach. Digestion is the proper term for breakdown.
The small intestine can hold about 48 quarts and is about 70 feet long. The three sections of the large intestine are the cecum, colon, and rectum. Bacteria is present in the cecum to break down roughages.

Fecal balls are formed in the colon.
The functions of the digestive system are digestion, absorption, and elimination. A non-ruminant herbivore is an animal that has a simple stomach and is a plant eater. Bile is secreted by the Liver.

The lining of the small intestine is lined with villi and microvilli, to add surface area for more absorption. The intestine that is missing in the digestive tract of the horse that regulates bile is the gall bladder. Mares have 36 teeth and stallions have 40 teeth.

Horses should be fed by weight not volume.
Examples of roughages are hay, pasture, and forage.
Grain is an example of a concentrate.
Colic can be greatly reduced by making sure to feed adequate amount of roughages. In general, 1 pound of hay should be fed for every 100 pounds of horse. A horse that eats moldy hay is likely to colic....
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