1. Explain what is meant by:
Diversity: it is about recognising individual as well as group differences, treating people as individuals, and placing positive value on diversity in the community and in the workforce. Equality: is about creating a fairer society, where everyone can participate and has the opportunity to fulfil their potential. Inclusion: is about everyone and it involves taking action to remove barriers to participation. Inclusion also involves eliminating discrimination and promoting equality. Discrimination: is the act of prejudice against a person because they have a certain set of characteristics. Discriminated characteristics can include disability, age, religion, race, sex and sexual orientation.
2. Describe ways in which discrimination may deliberately or inadvertently occur in the work settings.
Discrimination can take many forms:
- Direct discrimination: when a person is denied employment just because he is gay - Associative Discrimination: happens when someone is discriminated against just because they are associated with some individuals who have the above characteristics - Discrimination by Perception: is the generalization of the discriminated characteristic. For instance, just because a gay person has Aids it doesn’t mean all gays have aids. - Indirect Discrimination: example of this being a company requiring all employees to work overtime. - Harassment: when an employee is being harassed in the workplace because of being gay or being a woman.
3. Explain how practices that support equality and inclusion reduce the likehood of discrimination.
By supporting a person’s equality you are treating them as equal and including them in all activities, you will be reducing the likelihood of discrimination.
2.1 Identify which...