A Research Paper
Presented to Mrs. Sandra Scott
Robeson Community College
In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements
In English IV
Bobbie Jo Murillo Lowery
March 30, 2012
“Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which affects the nervous system. (www.epilepsy.com/101/ep101_epilepsy) Epilepsy is also known as seizure disorder. People are usually diagnosed after having two seizures that was caused by a known medical condition such as extremely low blood sugar or withdrawal from alcohol.
“A seizure is a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain that usually affects how a person feels and acts for a short period of time.”(www.epilepsy.com/101/ep101_seizure). These sudden surges happens in the outside rim of the brain called the cortex. Seizures can be mild or extremely serve. Sometimes it you are having a mild seizure you may not realize you are having one at all. The more extreme ones can be totally disabling. A person who has a brain injury or abnormality to the brain is twice as likely to have a second seizure. When people have two seizures they will have a chance of eighty percent to have another one. If you have had seizures with no known causes the chance of you having another one is half of you will have one in six months.
If you keep on having seizure then your doctor can do a neurological examination. A neurological examination can be performed in your doctor’s office. The neurological examination is a set of test to check the function of your nervous system.
Another way to predict whether or not you will have more seizures is an electroencephalogram. This is more commonly known as an EEG. An electroencephalogram is a test where they attach wires to your scalp. The wires then record your brain waves. This kind of test can last only a couple of hours in and office or hospital. It can also be perform over a period of three days. You will have a bag to carry around that the wires are connected to as you go about your daily life. This shows your doctor how your brain reacts to your daily life. On an electroencephalogram certain brain wave patterns are typical for epilepsy. If you test shows these pattern you are twice as likely to develop epilepsy. “About zero point five percent to two percent of people will develop epilepsy during their lifetime. (www.epilepsy.com/101/ep101_who) About two point seven million American people were treated for epilepsy in the past five years. Out of one thousand people, eight or nine people can have epilepsy. Men are affected more by epilepsy than women are. In the first year of an infant’s life epilepsy is more common among children.
The balance between factors that begin electrical activity and that restrict them is a very fine balance of the brain. Abnormal electrical discharges starts happening and spreads all around at once. “This linkage of electrical discharges creates a “storm” of electrical activity in the brain.”(www.epilepsy.com/101/ep101_cause) When older people starts to develop Alzheimer’s disease, strokes, brain tumors, the number of cases increases after the age of fifty-five or sixty.
Everyone will not have a seizure that is the same. “Seizure can take on many different forms and seizures affect different people in different ways.” (www.epilepsy.com/101/ep101_systoms)
Seizures have a beginning, middle, and an end. Some individuals can be aware of the beginning. When this happens they are having a warning or an aura. Some people may never have a beginning, so there is no warning or an aura.
A partial seizure is when you have a warning or aura but no other symptoms. The middle of a seizure can come in many different forms. If you have an aura or a beginning, it can become a convulsion or a complex partial seizure. If there are...