Topics: Sufism, Lal Shahbaz Qalander, Qalandar Pages: 3 (706 words) Published: February 9, 2013
Lal Shahbaz Qalandar
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Syed Usman Shah Marwandi|
Religion| Islam, specifically the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order| Other name(s)| Lal Shahbaz Qalandar|
Born| 1177
Marvand, Afghanistan|
Died| 1274
Senior posting|
Based in| Sehwan|
Title| Shahbaz|
Period in office| 12th/13th century|
Predecessor| Baha-ud-din Zakariya|
Successor| Various|
Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (1177–1274) (Sindhi: لال شھباز قلندر), an Afghan Sufi saint, philosopher, poet, and qalandar. Born Syed Usman Shah Marwandi,[1] he belonged to the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufis. He preached religious tolerance among Muslims and Hindus. Thousands of pilgrims visit his shrine every year, especially at the occasion of his Urs. Contents[hide] * 1 Life * 2 In poetry and prose * 3 Legends and Stories * 4 Shrine * 5 Urs * 6 References * 7 External links| [edit] Life

Shahbaz Qalandar (Shaikh Usman Marwandi) was born in Marwand, Afghanistan[2] to a dervish, Syed Ibrahim Kabiruddin[3] whose ancestors migrated from Baghdad and settled down in Mashhad, a center of learning and civilization, before migrating again to Marwand. A contemporary of Baha-ud-din Zakariya, Fariduddin Ganjshakar, Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari Surkh-posh of Uchch, Shams Tabrizi and Rumi, he travelled around the Muslim world settled in Sehwan (Sindh, Pakistan) and was buried there.[4] His dedication to the knowledge of various religious disciplines enabled him to eventually become a profound scholar. During his lifetime, he witnessed the Ghaznavid and Ghurids rules in South Asia.[5] He became fluent in many languages including Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Sindhi and Sanskrit. His mysticism attracted people from all religions. He was called Lal (red) after his usual red attire, Shahbaz due to his noble and divine spirit, and Qalandar for his Sufi affilitation....
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