England and Lung Cancer

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Lung Cancer Survival Guide
Lung cancer is one of the deadliest forms of cancer in the world. The Cancer Research Center in England, a for-profit organization (whose goal is to improve the lives of cancer patients), released a study done on lung cancer patients that have survived 1, 5, and 10 years after diagnosis. They found out that 33% of women and 29% of men survive lung cancer after one year of diagnosis. After five years 9.3% of women and 7.8% of men survive, after 10 years 5.9% of women and 4.9% of men survive lung cancer. The survival rates drop off after a year because the cancer usually metastasizes into other organs, or the treatment wasn’t effective. Most of the treatments won’t get all of the cancerous cells, thus the cancer can resurface at any time. Lung cancer is one of the deadliest cancers because of its proximity to major organs. The lungs are located in the middle of the chest, right next to the heart, diaphragm, stomach and intestines. When cancer starts to reach its more advanced stages it spreads to these organs. Once the cancer starts to spread (or metastasize) to the other organs it is almost impossible to treat. After the treatments most of the organs will be weak or damaged beyond repair because of the radiation used to find and treat the patients. When the tumor is removed by surgery, the doctor has to take mass from around the tumor. This means that portions of the organs that contain the tumor have to be removed. The size of the tumor will determine the size of the mass taken from the other organs. The Cancer Research Center UK, along with the NHS (National Health Services), has created laws to prevent the spread of lung cancer caused by smoking. In 2006 Parliament passed the Health Act. This act is designed to prevent second hand smoke by limiting the places individuals would be able to “light up.” This law banned smoking in public places such as pubs, restaurants, hotels etc. The law then created penalties associated with business owners not enforcing those laws (the judge decides the amount for the penalty). Later the act was amended to make it illegal for anyone to smoke in a car containing a minor. This act is has prevented over 1 billion cigarettes from being sold in 2007 but this law is still in the testing stages. There have been improvements such as a reduction in childhood asthma, premature births and heart attacks. The problem is that the real effects aren’t supposed to be seen until 2024. These laws are designed to fix the superficial problems associated with lung cancer. They only help those who have not already developed the disease. Once someone is diagnosed with lung cancer they are placed into a queue. This queue on average takes about 30 days from a patient to go from diagnosis to their first treatment. The delay from diagnosis to treatment results from a lack of resources. This lack of resources comes from the lack of funds given to hospitals by the NHS. The NHS spends on average 104.3 billion pounds per year on hospital related equipment and research. The lack of funding would be the problem if funding actually showed some impact on the lung cancer survival rates. In the US 2.5 trillion dollars is spent on healthcare. This is almost ten times the amount England pays for theirs. The survival rate of lung cancer in the US is about 10% after five years, the survival rate for a patient that has been diagnosed for ten years is around 5%. This is about the same survival rate as England even though ten times more money is spent. The problem does not reside with the amount of money that is given to these medical institutions. The problem lies with the ability to find cancer cells inside of the lungs. The laws that have been created to prevent lung cancer have only scratched the surface. The real problem lies with the medical fields ability (all over the world) to find the cancer before it metastasizes. In 2012 scientists met at the Geneva conference, which is a place where...
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