Emmeline Pankhurst Notes

Topics: Women's suffrage, Suffragette, Emmeline Pankhurst Pages: 2 (375 words) Published: May 19, 2013
Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

'Pankhurst was a leading British women's rights activist, who led the movement to win the right for women to vote.' BBC

Emmeline Pankhurst was a women's rights activist, also known as a suffragette. She campaigned for rights in the 19th century when women could not choose who they married, they had to obey men, very few jobs were available for women, they did not receive the same education as men, and were not granted the vote until 1918.

Pankhurst was born Emmeline Goulden on 14 July 1858 in Manchester. Her family had a tradition of radical politics. In 1879, she married Richard Pankhurst, a lawyer and supporter of the women's suffrage movement. However he died in 1898, leaving Emmeline a widow.

In 1889, Emmeline founded the Women's Franchise League, which fought to allow married women to vote in local elections. In October 1903, along with her daughters, Christabel and Sylvia, she helped found the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) - whose members were the first to be christened 'suffragettes'. The WSPU was more militant than the Women's Franchise League and The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, and it soon became notorious for its actions. One of the WSPU's most famous members includes Emily Davison. The demonstrations of the WSPU included window smashing, arson and hunger strikes which astonished Britons. In 1913, Emily Davison was killed when she threw herself under the king's horse at the Derby as a protest at the government's continued failure to grant women the right to vote.

Like many suffragettes, Emmeline was arrested on numerous occasions over the next few years and went on hunger strike herself, resulting in violent force-feeding. In 1913, in response to the wave of hunger strikes, the government passed what became known as the 'Cat and Mouse' Act. Hunger striking prisoners were released until they grew strong again, and then re-arrested.

This period of militancy was ended abruptly...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Emmeline Pankhurst
  • Essay on How Much Credit Does Emmeline Pankhurst Deserve for the Inclusion of Women over 30 in the Representation of the Peoples Act, 1918?
  • Freedom or Death by Emmeline Pankhurst Essay
  • Emmeline Pankhurst Brief Essay
  • Emmeline Pankhurst's Contribution Essay
  • Sylvia Pankhurst Essay
  • Notes Essay
  • Notes Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free