English 1 Pre-IB
23 May 2011
Elizabethan Life/Elizabethan Dance
Dance was an integral part of the lifestyle in the Elizabethan Era. Not only did the noble class enjoy it, but also the lower class. Dance was used in celebrations and parties, and often, just for leisure. Prestigious dancing masters taught these dances. These dances included unique forms and one-of-a-kind styles (Hall 81).
First of all, dancing masters were great services for the English Elizabethan Court. In the Elizabethan era, it was required for English Elizabethan Court members to have experience in dancing, especially because Queen Elizabethan encouraged it amongst all of her subjects (Alchin /Elizabethan Dance). The most famous dancing masters were Thoinot Arbeau, Fabritio Caroso, and Cesare Negri (Alchin / Elizabethan Dance).
Thoinot Arbeau was born on March 17, 1520. He was known as a theoretican and historian of dance. He produced a dancing manual called the Orchésographie. This dancing manual contained carefully detailed, step-by-step descriptions of 16th dance forms. His services were very helpful to the Elizabethan Court (Hall 81).
Fabritio Caroso da Sermoneta was an Italian Renaissance dancing master. His dance manual, Il Ballarino, was published in 1581. Another was Nobiltà di Dame, which was printed in 1600. Many of the dances of Fabritio Caroso's manuals are meant for two dancers with a few for four or more dancers. These manuals offer a great deal of information to dance historians. Many of the dances also contain dedications to noble women who were members of the Elizabethan Court (Hall 81).
Cesare Negri was an Italian dancer and choreographer. Born in Milan, he founded a dance academy there in 1554. He wrote the dance manual Le Grazie d'Amore, the first text on ballet theory to expound the principle of the "five basic positions". Negri was an active Elizabethan Court choreographer for the nobility in Italy (Hall 81).