The Golden Age
From fashion defining what your social status is to being punished for being in love. The Golden age has inspired us in many ways with its wise leaders. magnificant writers and bold people of its time. All this influnce is from The Golden Age or Elizabethan Era. The Elizabethan Era (1558-1603) was a time of cruel punishments, riveting people, such as Arabella Stuart, and fashion statements. Crimes in the Elizabethan Era were not taken lightly, and the punishment was usually meant to teach the public a lesson. Common crimes such as theft, adultery, forgers, and fraud could result in a death sentence. Even stealing bird eggs out of a bird nest could result in death (Elizabethan Crime). The Elizabethan government soon made begging a crime. If someone was caught begging , as their punishment they would be beaten until they reached the rocks that marked the town parish boundary (Elizabethan Crime). To be hung was the most common punishment for a crime, but other methods were used for punishment such as being burned alive. The criminal was put on a stake for the excruciating death. Sometimes the executioners showed mercy on their victims by placing gunpowder at the base of the stake making death quicker and less painful (Elizabethan Crime). The only alternative to the agonising pain of being burned was to be killed by suffocation though smoke inhalation and lack of oxygen. Since the punishments were used to teach not only the criminal but the public as well, these punishments were often shown to the public. The crowds would range from lower classes and up. A common one to see was beheading. The criminal would have his head chopped off in front of the crowd. The head would be lifted by its hair and shown to its own body, and then the crowd to be reminded of the consequences. One of the most dreadful punishments for a criminal was the combination of being hung, drawn and quartered. This punishment is described by William Harrison as: “ The greatest and most grievous used in England for such as offend against the State is drawing from prison to place of execution upon a hurdle or a sled, where they are hanged until they are half dead, and taken down, and quartered alive; after that, their members and bowels are cut from their bodies and thrown into a fire, provided near hand and within their own sight. (Elizabethan Crime) . “ Although imprisonment was not a common use of punishment it still was used. Some debtors might be imprisoned until they had repaid their debts. Most sentences to prison were only for a short time, a few months at most. But, sentences to life in prison were not unknown (Forgeng) . Woman went to jail just as much as men did and would try to escape in similar ways. Being sent to prison for being in love is a punishment unimaginable. But that’s just what happened to ‘ England's lost Queen ‘ Arbella Stuart. Born in 1575 to the daughter of Bess of Hardwick, Elizabeth Cavendish, and Charles Stuart who was the brother of Lord Darnley the late husband of Mary Queen of Scots(Arbella Stuart). He had royal tudor and Stuart blood in his veins. Making Arbella a major claimant to the throne. Arbellas father died in 1576, and due to financial reasons her mother and Arbella had to live with her grandmother, Bess of Hardwick. In 1581 Arbellas mother died leaving her grandmother to raise her. Queen Elizabeth had indicated that Arbella might be named her hier, so Arbella’s grandmother raised her strictly believing that she was destined to be the next Queen of England. (Arbella Stuart). Bess of Hardwick became the richest woman in England, besides the Queen, and started to treat Arbella terrible. Arbella was so restricted from her grandmother she felt like she was in a prison. As a welcome relief the Queen invited Arbella to spend time at her court. In 1602, a marriage for Arbella to Raunutio Farnese, the Duke of Parmas son, was discussed but Raunutio died shortly after, dropping all plans for...
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