Election System of Bangladesh

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Election System: A Contrast Between Bangladesh And USA.

-Nafis Ujrat

Election system is one of the most important features of a country’s political system. It symbolizes some inner concept of a political system of a nation. I have chosen election system of US government to discuss and compare with that of Bangladesh. Both of these countries have some unique style of election procedure. That has made it really interesting for the learner of both systems to contrast and evaluate their own respective election system and understand its impact on government.

Bangladesh has got its independence on 1971. After that on 1972 Bangladesh got her 1st constitution. Initially according to primary constitution the government was parliamentary in nature. There was a system of having general election throughout the country. By this way people can chose Member of Parliament of their own area. The national parliament is unicameral and is consist of 300 members. Whole country is divided into 300 election zonal area. For division in some cases population is considered and in some other cases area is considered. The party with highest number of Member of Parliament will form the government. President will be the head of the state. Prime minister will be the head of government. By 4th amendment of constitution presidential form of government was introduced in place of the parliamentary system. Besides this, a one-party system in place of a multi-party system was introduced and the powers of the Parliament were curtailed. Afterwards there were military dictators till 1990. ON 1991 Bangladesh had its 1st acceptable form of election. They switched back to parliamentary form of government lead by prime minister. Party with majority in parliament will form the government and their team leader will be selected as a prime minister. By the 13th amendment in the constitution of Bangladesh, the caretaker government system was introduced in Bangladesh in 1996....
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