Ekushey Book Fair

Topics: Bangladesh, Bengali language, International Mother Language Day Pages: 6 (2035 words) Published: May 2, 2011

* Introduction2
* History
* History of Ekushey 2
* History of Ekushey book fair3
* Importance of the fair4
* Description of the fair
* Structure 5
* Contributors5
* Visitors6
* Books7
* Problems of the fair8
* Conclusion9
* References10

Ekushey Book Fair is now a popular festival in the life of Bangladeshi people. It is held only once in a year. Ekushey Book Fair or Amor Ekushey Grontho Mela (Book Fair of the Immortal 21st), commonly known as Ekushey Boi Mela (Book Fair of the 21st), is the national book fair of Bangladesh. It takes place over the entire month of February every year, and is devoted to the martyrs who died on 21 February 1952 in a demonstration calling for recognition of Bengali as one of the state languages of Pakistan. Despite the fact that Ekushey Book Fair began simply as a book fair, it has evolved into a great event, enlightening the spirit of the contemporary Bengali nation.

History of Ekushey:
February 21 has been a day of national mourning, pride, reflection and action. It is also Language Martyr's Day. It was fifty-nine years ago on this day that Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar, Shafiur and Salam sacrificed their precious young lives for the honor and preservation of our mother language, Bangla. In 1954, the United Front government of Abu Hussain Sarker declared a public holiday for this day. At the initiative of the then Bangladesh government, on November 17, 1999, the Paris-based United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) adopted February 21 as International Mother Language Day, and observed February 21, 2000 as International Mother Language Day for the first time. The immediate starting point of the tragedy of February 21 was on January 27, 1952, when the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Khwaja Nazimuddin announced at a public meeting that Urdu alone should be the state language of Pakistan. The students were infuriated by the announcement. On February21, 1952, agitated unarmed students, both male and female, of Dhaka University decided to violate Section 144 (prohibiting an assembly more than five persons) Order in order to proceed to the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly (near S.M. Hall) to present their demand. On their way, near the Medical College students' hostel number 12, at 3-30 PM, the police opened fire on the peaceful procession of students under the order of a magistrate (a West Pakistani). Jabbar and Rafiq died on the spot, while three others died later in hospital. (An impromptu monument was set up by Medical College Students on the site of the current Shaheed Minar.) It is believed that many more were killed, including a boy of ten, but their bodies were taken away by the police and secretly buried. The rest is history. It is a matter of pride for all people of Bangladesh that the supreme sacrifice made on this day in 1952 eventually led to the recognition of mother languages worldwide. This Day has become a milestone in recognition of the right to speak, promote and preserve all mother languages across the world. History of Ekushey book fair:

The Ekushey Book Fair or Amor Ekushey Grantha Mela is the main book fair for Bangladesh. Held every February, it is dedicated to the martyrs of 21st February 1952 who sacrificed their lives during a demonstration, calling for the establishment of the Bengali language as the state language of former united Pakistan. During the 50s and the 60s, the book fair was not a part of the celebration. Ekushey celebrations started assuming a new look soon after Independence. It was in 1972 that a publisher, Chittaranjan Saha, of the prestigious publishing house Muktadhara came forward with a couple of books spread on a mat. That was the beginning and soon in the mid 70s publishers like Mr Mohiuddin of UPL, and some...
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