The impact of government and foreign afﬁliate inﬂuence on corporate social reporting The case of Malaysia
School of Management, University Science Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, and
S. Susela Devi
Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract
Purpose – This paper seeks to investigate the inﬂuence of government and foreign afﬁliates, particularly; multinational companies on corporate social reporting (CSR) development in an economy, where CSR awareness is low coupled with weak pressure group activism. Design/methodology/approach – This is a cross sectional study that focuses on the information contained in the annual reports for year 2002/2003. This research uses content analysis as method to measure the extent CSR. Findings – Based on regression analysis, the study evidences on the impact of government inﬂuence. However, the impact of foreign afﬁliation variables is not evident. Institutionalisation of the government’s aspirations and commitment to CSR is perhaps the most appropriate description for Malaysian CSR practice. Research limitations/implications – There are two main limitations of this study. Firstly, this study examines the annual reports for one year. Secondly, this study is annual reports centric. It does not examine any other stand alone reports that the respondents might have produced on the subject of society and the environment. Practical implications – This study provides justiﬁcation for government’s role in promoting CSR practice. The impact is evidenced although there are no direct concerted efforts at that time by the government in respect of CSR policy implementation. The signiﬁcant role is attributed to the unique Malaysian socio economic structure. Originality/value – This study contributes to the CSR literature particularly in the context of...