Effects of the Tienanmen Square Massacre

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 66
  • Published: September 25, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview


It was a bloody massacre. On June 3rd and 4th, 1989, Chinese protestors at Tiananmen Square were gunned down by the Chinese Military. Over 100,000 protestors gathered in Tiananmen Square on May 4th, 1989 in order to protest the Communist government, the death of Hu Yaobang, as well as the increasing gap between the rich and the poor. After being warned of using force to break up the protests, Chinese soldiers and tanks entered Tiananmen Square and open fired. This bloody event killed and injured thousands, as well as bruising China's reputation in the world. The Tiananmen Square Massacre was an influential event that greatly affected China socially, economically, and politically.

It all started with the death of Hu Yaobang on April 15th, 1989. Hu Yaobang was considered the voice of the people in the Communist party. He had a much more liberal point of view, and fought corruption in the government. Yaobang had been dismissed as General Secretary of the Communist Party, as he was seen to be too Democratic, and was too soft on student protesters. After his death, people poured in the streets to grieve for their lost voice, and mourned for many days. On April 22nd, thousands of students marched on the Great Hall of People to have Li Peng sign a petition to restore Hu's besmirched legacy. When Li Peng refused, the people took to the streets, and thus started the protests in Tiananmen Square. Protesters sat peacefully in the square outside the Great Hall, waiting for Li Peng to restore Hu's legacy. On April 26th, the Chinese government published an editorial shedding a negative light on the protesters. The editorial called for the Chinese unification against the protesters, that "All comrades in the party and the people throughout the country must soberly recognize the fact that our country will have no peaceful days if this disturbance is not checked resolutely." (Zhao) This completely outraged the protesters, which gave them even more of a want to protest the Communist regime. April 26th is considered the day where mourning stopped and protesting the government began. Students from 40 universities took to the streets and boycotted study in support of the protests. The students wanted to reform the government and move towards a more democratic nation. They wanted to stop inflation and overpricing, as well as unemployment, and end corruption in the government. Because the government would not respond to their calls for peace talks, on May 13th, several hundred demonstrators went on hunger strikes, hoping to catch support from more citizens. The hunger strikes aren't broadcasted by the media, causing them to fail. On the 7th day of the hunger strike, news is leaked that the government will set Martial Law in place, and the hunger strikes end, and a sit in is put in place. However, China still declares Martial Law, and troops are sent into Beijing on May 20th, but are blocked by protesters, forcing them to withdraw to the outskirts of Beijing. Later that week, on May 30th, the Goddess of Democracy is revealed, a 10 meter high statue of the statue of liberty, which stood as a great symbol for the demonstrators. On June 2nd, four men, Liu Xiaobo, Hou Dejian, Zhou Duo, and Gao Xin, start another hunger strike. The next day, troops are given orders to reclaim Tiananmen square at any cost, and at 10 pm, open fire on the protesters (as well as innocent bystanders), destroying the Goddess of Liberty. This massacre lasts until 1 am the next day, when the army finally stands down. At 4 am, the four protesters who started the hunger strike talk with the army, and negotiate the dismissal of the protesters, and the demonstrators leave Tiananmen Square at gunpoint. On June 9th, Deng Xiaoping, the Communist Party Leader, made a speech regarding the protestors. “This is the very word to which some people object and which they want to change. What has happened shows that this judgment was correct. It was also inevitable that the...
tracking img