Effects of Smoking on the Body

Topics: Hypertension, Nicotine, Tobacco smoking Pages: 3 (821 words) Published: March 2, 2013
Effects of Smoking on the Body

Background of the Study

Smoking cigarettes has been proven too be extremely dangerous to your health, which causes various forms of cancer and other life threatening diseases. There are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke and 200 of those are known poisons. Smoking cigarettes for as few as a couple of years can have permanent effects on the body. Smoking can effect the heart and lungs; mouth and throat; arms, legs, skin and the mind.

One big area of where smoking harms the body is the heart and lungs. Smoking causes your heart to work much harder and faster then normal, meaning tremendous stress on that area. Smokers have a greater chance of developing irregular heartbeats than non-smokers. Blood pressure levels increase as well as the chance of a heart attack or stroke because the blood vessels are constricted. Even though the heart is beating much faster, Effects on the Body (1997) it is not able to fully circulate the blood and can result in congestive heart failure. Because the lungs have to handle so much smoke, the bronchial lining must thicken for protection. This thickening can lead to a greater chance of lung cancer. Effects on the Body (1997) as the lungs continually push smoke toxins through the body; they will lose the ability to add oxygen to the blood, which can cause difficulty in breathing (emphysema).

Another huge effect that smoking has on the body is on the skin and in the arms and legs. Smoking causes vasoconstriction. This is where the blood vessels in your skin narrow and oxygen and nutrients can’t get to the skin cells. Vasoconstriction usually occurs in the facial area where one might get premature wrinkling with, Effects on the Body (1997) crow s feet around the eyes and pale, gray skin on the cheeks. Smokers are usually the only group at risk of getting peripheral vascular disease. This is where the

Blood vessels in the arms and legs have narrowed, which...
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