Effects of Operations of Casinos in Singapore on Foreign Workers

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The Impact of the Operations of Casinos in Singapore on the Foreign Construction Workers By: Wang Sen, Soh Chang Li, Lim Jun Hao Eugene, Lim Puo Hua, Hng Zu Wai -------------------------------------------------

The Impact of the Operations of Casinos in Singapore on the Foreign Construction Workers By: Wang Sen, Soh Chang Li, Lim Jun Hao Eugene, Lim Puo Hua, Hng Zu Wai

Abstract
The establishment of casinos benefits the Singapore economy tremendously. However, increased number of foreign workers spotted at casinos has caused much debate on the whether there should be regulations to deter them from visiting casino. Reasons being this group of people do not need to pay casino levy, and since they are of a lower income group, thus more vulnerable to the negative impact of gambling. However, little research has been done to determine the impact that the operations of the casinos have on the foreign workers who frequent them. In this study, we examine the correlation between the proportion of foreign construction workers who visit casinos, their gambling spending, frequency of visits and the financial problems these foreign construction workers claimed to experience. The findings indicate that all three factors are positively correlated to the financial problems. Yet, t-tests results show that only the proportion and gambling spending are significant enough to explain this correlation. The result suggest that foreign construction workers who visit casinos have a higher tendency of running into financial problems. Abstract

The establishment of casinos benefits the Singapore economy tremendously. However, increased number of foreign workers spotted at casinos has caused much debate on the whether there should be regulations to deter them from visiting casino. Reasons being this group of people do not need to pay casino levy, and since they are of a lower income group, thus more vulnerable to the negative impact of gambling. However, little research has been done to determine the impact that the operations of the casinos have on the foreign workers who frequent them. In this study, we examine the correlation between the proportion of foreign construction workers who visit casinos, their gambling spending, frequency of visits and the financial problems these foreign construction workers claimed to experience. The findings indicate that all three factors are positively correlated to the financial problems. Yet, t-tests results show that only the proportion and gambling spending are significant enough to explain this correlation. The result suggest that foreign construction workers who visit casinos have a higher tendency of running into financial problems.

Table of Contents
The impact of the operations of casinos in Singapore on the foreign construction workers3
Introduction3
Method6
Participants6
Materials6
Procedure6
Data processing6
t-test7
Data Analysis8
Proportion8
Spending Behavior9
Frequency of Visits11
Conclusion12
Referrence13
Annex A16

The impact of the operations of casinos in Singapore on the foreign construction workers

Introduction
Casino is typically referred to as a public room or building where gambling games are played(Oxford Dictonaries, 2012).It has its roots traced back to during the nineteenth century and was first set up in Monaco(Casino History, 2010).

Since the first establishment of casinos, they have been known to have a significant impact on a country’s economy. The extent of such impact is even more significant in countries with smaller economy like Macau and Singapore. In 2010, Macau’s gambling revenues reportedly amounted to $23.5 billion, and direct taxes on gambling account for well over half of all government revenue(Macau Economy: Facts, Data, & Analysis on Economic Freedom, 2012). As for Singapore, a year after the completion of the construction of its two casinos, its tourism...
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