Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation

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TITLE: EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION ON HUMAN HEALTH.

Table of Contents
DECLARATION2
APPROVAL3
DEDICATION4
ABSTRACT7
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS7
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION9
1.1 Background information9
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM10
1.2.1 Current situation10
1.2.2 Research to find out the effects of electromagnetic radiation on human health.11
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY13
1.3.1 General objective13
1.3.2 Specific objectives13
1.3 HYPOTHESIS TO TEST.15
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY16
1.6 THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY16
1.7 LIMITATION16
CHAPTER TWO19
2.1 INTRODUCTION19
2.2 LITERATURE REVIEW19
2.2.1 Sources of radiation in Kenya19
2.2.2 Mitigation mechanisms28
2.2.3 Uses of Radiation29
2.2.4 Determine the effects of long time exposure to electromagnetic radiation.34
SUMMARY35
CHAPTER336
3.0 Research methodology36
3.1 Research Design36
3.2 POPULATION AND SAMPLING37
3.3 DATA ANALYSIS37
3.4 Expected Output37
Recommendation38
REFERENCE39

ABSTRACT
Scientific world always seeks to make our life better. The accelerated pace of technological trends enable us to communicate at the touch of a button. The cure of tumors is being worked upon and life is becoming more comfortable as the day goes by but the price of this comfort is nothing but more radiation. A typical example is iridium satellite phone. It has the best network coverage globally and what this translates to is more radiation. In simplest terms a good network is made up of strong electromagnetic waves. The rapid increase in mobile telecommunications and the growing range of personal, domestic, commercial and medical equipment have considerably increased the number of sources of EMF exposure and are significantly changing the level, type and pattern of everyday exposure of the public. The sources of radiation are broad and examples include mobile telephony, fixed transmitters, mining, medical, microwave ovens, academic and scientific applications, industrial uses and nuclear power plants.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

μT microtesl
AGNIRAdvisory Group on Non Ionizing Radiation
cDNA complementary DNA
CNS Central Nervous System
CSTEEScientific Committee on Toxicity, Eco toxicity and the Environment CW Continuous wave
DECT Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DVB-T Digital Terrestrial Television
EHS Electromagnetic hypersensitivity
ELF Extremely low frequency
EMF Electromagnetic field
EMF-NET Coordination Action (funded under FP6) to provide a framework for coordination of results of research activities related to the biological effects of EMF, including occupational exposure.

GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
Hz Frequency in Hertz
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
ICNIRP International Committee on Non Ionising Radiation Protection IF Intermediate frequencies
kHz Kilohertz
kV Kilovolt
MF Magnetic field
MHz Megahertz
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
ms milliseconds
mW milliwatt
RF Radio Frequency
SAR Specific Absorption Rate
SCENIHR Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks TNF Tumor Necrosis Factor
UMTS Universal Mobile Telephony System
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme
VDT Video Display Terminals
W Watt
WHO World Health Organisation
WiMAXWorldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background information
Radiation is all around us. It is naturally present in our environment and has been since the birth of this planet. Consequently, life has evolved in an environment which has significant levels of ionizing radiation. It comes from outer space (cosmic), the ground (terrestrial), and even from within our own bodies. It is present in the air we breathe, the food we eat, the water...
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