Effect of Terrorism on Changing Paradigm of Security in Karachi

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Effect of Extremism on Changing Paradigm of Security in Karachi

HIBA FATIMA AHMED

INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
CITY CAMPUS
hahmed_6291@yahoo.com
January 21, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM4
QUESTION RAISED5
KEYWORDS5
RESEARCH DESIGN6
METHODOLOGY6
LITERATURE REVIEW7
RELEVANCE AND SCOPE OF RESEARCH8
BACKGROUND10
INTERVIEWS11
SIMILARITIES11
DISSIMILARITIES13
ADDITIONAL FACTS13
CONCLUSION15
LIMITATIONS16
BIBLIOGRAPHY:17

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INTRODUCTION

* STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.

* QUESTION RAISED.

* KEYWORDS.

* RESEARCH DESIGN.

* METHODOLOGY.

* LITERATURE REVIEW.

* RELEVENCE AND SCOPE OF RESEARCH.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The suicide bombings and target killings in Karachi are a common phenomenon nowadays and much to the disappointment of the citizens they have increased in number over the past 3 yrs. Both the bombings and the target killings are acts of extremism and there is much speculation as to who is actually behind them.

In case of bomb blasts the most agreed upon name in the culprit list is that of “TTP” (Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan) and as for the target killings it is believed that they are political murders. Together such violent acts have resulted in chaos many a times and are the causes of great many new patterns emerging in the environment of the city.

These increased acts of extremism have resulted in many changes in the lifestyle of people of the city but the greatest impact has been on the perception of security. Every person in one way or the other has been affected by this phenomenon and hence there has been a change in the security precautions that people and security personnel observe nowadays as compared to those that they observed possibly 5-6 years ago.

The stores which can afford it have installed security cameras and other equipment at their entrances which were common only in the most elite parts of the city; those elite parts have upgraded their security system in the light of the increased uncertainty in the city environment.

The objective is to identify the changes that have taken place in light of the increased extremism in Karachi. The research will focus on determining how the precautionary measures have changed; whether in the elite parts of Karachi, departmental stores and malls or even the residential sectors (houses, apartments etc).

QUESTION RAISED

Q. How have the recent (2007-2010) bomb blasts and target killings changed the security precautions of people of Karachi?

KEYWORDS

Extremism:
Extremism is a tendency or disposition to go to extremes or an instance of going to extremes, esp. in political matters.

Paradigm Change:
A Paradigm Change/Shift is the process by which a professional community changes its paradigm, often in responses to the accumulation of anomalies and contradictions to the existing operating assumptions, concepts, values, and practices. The shift or change is neither simple nor sudden.

Security:
Security is the degree of protection against danger, damage, loss, and criminal activity. RESEARCH DESIGN

This research is qualitative in nature as it aims to determine “security concerns that have arisen, due to increased extremism, in residents of Karachi.” The changes in perception cover a wide topic and hence it is not possible to cover all those aspects quantitatively.

Also this topic has subjectivity to it and hence taking a quantitative approach for collection of data would have meant ignoring of very important and key factors which can be determined by one to one discussions i.e Focus Groups, interviews etc.

METHODOLOGY

The research was carried out by taking semi-structured interviews. These interviews aimed to find...
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