Effect of Single Mothers' Stress on Quality Child Care

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Southern Luzon State University
Lucban, Quezon

In Partial Fulfillment for the Requirements of the Subject
Research Method

EFFECTS OF SINGLE MOTHERS’ STRESS ON QUALITY CHILD CARE IN LUCBAN, QUEZON

Submitted by:
Sheila Marie Sale

Submitted to:
Prof. Marissa Cadao

CHAPTER I
PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
This chapter deals with introducing the nature of the study as the reason why the researcher chose this topic. This also contains the general problems that he wanted to find answers to, the importance and to whom it would benefit and the important terms to be defined. Introduction

For some people, marriage is the key to happiness. Others however, have chosen single blessedness a way of life. While some men and women, frown upon the idea of being unattached at a late age. Some however has taken this less favored path to happiness on purpose. Of what does happiness consist? Are single women doomed to a life full of loneliness? Or does the single state afford the opportunity to maximize their potentials. (Sario, 2000) Children grow up in a variety of family structures. Single parent families and two-parent families are created and recreated through marriage, divorce, remarriage, cohabitation and births outside of marriage. In fact, single-parent families are the fastest growing family structure. The majority of single-parent families are created through divorce. Single-parent families can be defined as families where a parent lives with dependent children, either alone or in a larger household, without a spouse or partner. There was a rapid and drastic increase in the number of single-parent families in the latter half of the twentieth century. Regardless of how family diversity is viewed the increase in and prevalence of families headed by one parent has a major influence on the social, economic, and political context of family life. Cultural definition of a mother’s role also contributes to the preference of mother as primary caregiver. Children will lean more towards mothers because of their protective, nurturing characteristics, from a long established mother-child relationship from early on attachment beginning at birth and continuing as the child grows up. In addition to their traditional protective and nurturing role, single mothers have to play the role of family provider as well; since men are the breadwinners of the traditional family, in the absence of the father the mother must fulfill this role. (http://www.kon.org/urc/v7/bronnimann.html) Single mothers have many responsibilities including financial provision, housekeeping and parenting (Raani, 2006). In addition, they lack a supportive spouse to turn to for counsel, cooperation, and comfort. The stress in the mother’s life and the way she deals with it also impacts her child. Current research suggests that professional help is sought for mental health reasons by single-parent mothers two to three times more often (Cairney, Boyle, Lipman, Racine, 2004). Even the privileged single mothers found it difficult to manage and got little support for the traditional female tasks: cooking, cleaning and caring for children. Single mothers may be exposed to enormous stress due to the need to provide the financial needs of the family with caring for the home including those responsibilities traditionally assumed by men, acquiring new skills, and raising a child, all at the same time. Single mothers are often working parents because someone needs to earn money to pay for food, clothing, and a place to live. Having a job means your mom is able to provide these things and more for you. This study investigated the potential stress of single-mothers and its effect on their ability to provide child care (Nelson, 2004).

Background of the Study
Childhood years are the most crucial stage of human development. In this stage number of changes is developing as they manifested on the child as they grow. Mothers play a major role in this stage where her guidance...
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