Hadayat A. Amasha, Malak S. Jaradeh (April – June 2012). Health Science Jounal. Volume 6, Issue 2. 335 – 352.
“Effect of Active and Passive smoking during pregnancy on its outcomes”PURPOSE It was made clear in the research that the purpose of the study is to be able to determine if passive and active smoking would affect the outcome of pregnancy using a cross-sectional study on pregnant women delivering a singleton live baby, categorize as active smoker, passive smoker or non-smoker. The researchers intend to provide health teachings on new and prospective parents about the risk and complications of active and passive smoking during pregnancy. They use a predesigned structured questionnaire to determine the details of smoking and the effects of smoking on women and their babies.LITERATURE REVIEWThe study points out that the strategy is well researched (eg. USDHHS; Fantuzzi et al 2007; Ananth et al 1999; Kallen K 2001). One of the researchers is Kyrklund-Bloberg et al., 1988-1992 found that, smoking increases the risk of very preterm birth, preterm premature rupture of membranes, and late pregnancy bleedings. There was a dose–dependent association between smoking and risk of very preterm birth, and heavy smokers (10 cigarettes per day) had a threefold increase in risk compared with nonsmokers.It is worth highlighting here that the amount of literature the author reported is reasonable in terms of applicability and in terms of its amount. This is something that supports the reliability of the study. The possibility of finding the same results when redoing the study in similar circumstances and for a similar sample is reasonable.METHODOLOGY The researcher used an appropriate method and study design to find answers for the problems of the study. They selected 223 pregnant woman aged 20 – 35 years only to eliminate age related complications of pregnancy and also women who had a multiple pregnancy were excluded. Each participant gave... [continues]
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