Education And Development

Topics: Education, Higher education, School Pages: 39 (3187 words) Published: February 19, 2015
Education
and
Developme
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The Need for
Competent Teacher
• The Competent Teacher
• “Competencies.” This word is
increasingly being used in
education circles today. It is a
description of one’s ability, a
measure of one’s performance.

• A person’s competencies may be defined in
terms of one’s knowledge, skills and
behaviours. To understand the competencies
required of a teacher, we must first define the
job of a teacher.
• The task of a teacher is closely tied to the
nature of the classroom. Today’s classrooms
call for teachers to “prepare virtually all
students for higher order thinking and
performance skills once reserved to only a
few” (Darling-Hammond, 2006, p. 300).
• Researchers and practitioners are becoming
increasingly aware that the character of the
21st century classroom – and thus the
demands on both students and teachers – is
undergoing significant change.

• Teachers today need to develop a holistic
array of skills – for teaching and thinking,
administration and management; as A
person’s competencies may be defined in
terms of one’s knowledge, skills and
behaviours. To understand the
competencies required of a teacher, we
must first define the job of a teacher.
• The task of a teacher is closely tied to the
nature of the classroom. Today’s classrooms
call for teachers to “prepare virtually all
students for higher order thinking and
performance skills once reserved to only a
few” (Darling-Hammond, 2006, p. 300).

• Leadership and management
A competent teacher is a leader who wins
the hearts and minds of the students. Such
a teacher sees the value in developing and
working with others, including parents and
colleagues, and actively seeks out
opportunities for professional collaboration
within and beyond the school.
• Personal effectiveness
A good teacher understands the
importance of developing oneself before
he or she is able to provide support for
others. As a professional, this teacher
maintains high standards of personal and
professional integrity when carrying out all
duties and responsibilities.

Types of education
• Formal education
• The formal education is
a sequential progression
of academic schooling at
three levels, namely,elementary,
secondary and tertiary or higher
education.

•  THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATION SYSTEM
• The education system of the country includes formal and
non-formal education. Compared to other Asian countries,
the Philippine education system differs in a number of
ways. Basic education in the Philippines is only 10years
as against 12 in other countries. The Philippine education system is closely related to the American system of formal education while other Asian countries are influenced by the
English, French or Dutch system. The Philippines is using a
bilingual medium of instruction. Certain subjects are taught in English and the rest in the national language which is
Filipino.
• 2.1 Formal education
• The formal education is a sequential progression
of academic schooling at three levels, namely, elementary, secondary and tertiary or higher education. The structure of the formal system of education is illustrated below.

• THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
• Elementary education
• The first level, elementary or primary education, consists of compulsory six grades (Grades 1-6) for age group of 6 to 11. In addition, there is optional pre-school education which consists of kindergarten schooling andother preparatory courses. At the age of 3 or 4, a pupil may enter nursery school, and at 6 years old proceeds to gradeone.

• Secondary education
• The second level, secondary education, corresponds to four years of high school for age group of 12to 15, the prerequisite of which is completion of elementary education.
• Higher education
• The third level is tertiary or higher education where a student enters at age 16. Higher education consists of collegiate, master’s and doctorate degree...
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