Tajammal Hussain Ahmar M06BBA051
M. Umair Hassan M06BBA035
Sir. Abid Hussain Ch.
COMPARISON OF DEVELOPED, DEVELOPING & UNDERDEVELOPED ECONOMIES
PURPOSE OF ASSIGNMENT
The purpose of our assignment is to choose the 3 countries (developed, developing and under-developed) and make the comparative analysis on the basis of political, economic, social, technological analysis.
For Assignment purpose we have selected:
* Australia as developed country
* Pakistan as developing country
* Kenya as developing country
Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean Geographic coordinates: 27° S, 133° E
Map references: Oceania
Area: 7,741,220 sq km
Country comparison to the world w.r.t area: 6th
* Land area: 7,682,300 sq km
* Water area: 58,920 sq km
(Note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island)
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 25,760 km
* Territorial sea: 12 nm
* Contiguous zone: 24 nm
* Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
* Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin Climate:
* Current Weather: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north * Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast Natural resources: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum (Note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports) Land use:
* Arable land: 6.15% (includes about 27 million hectares of cultivated grassland) * Permanent crops: 0.04%
* Other: 93.81% (2005)
* Irrigated land: 25,450 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources: 398 cu km (1995)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): * Total: 24.06 cu km/yr (15%/10%/75%)
* Per capita: 1,193 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards: cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires Environment - current issues: soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources Environment - international agreements: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,...