Economic Geography The Starting

Topics: Geography, Economic geography, Economy Pages: 23 (1148 words) Published: January 29, 2015
Economic Geography--The Starting…….

Basically the concepts of Economic
Geography is interdisciplinary involving
explicitly geography, economics and
business and implicitly other social and
natural sciences. So the discussion should
be started with a clear concepts of
economics and geography.

Concepts of Economics
When we think of "Economics", the following words may come to mind representing concepts which we feel might be of particular concern to economists:
economic activities, markets, allocation, money, capital, competition, resources, development, growth, welfare, well-being, poverty, deliberate, purposeful, rational, optimal, efficient, and more... Since we cannot squeeze all of these and other relevant concepts into a concise formulation of our view of the field, we will have to summarize them and may come up with something like this:

"Economics is the study of purposeful human activities in pursuit of satisfying individual or collective wants" (which would amount to a "descriptive" definition); or
"Economics is the study of principles governing the allocation of scarce means among competing ends" (which would be a more
"analytical" definition).

Concepts of Geography
When we think of Geography, we often use
the following words or concepts: location,
site, place, access, spatial, regional,
distance, separation, proximity, speed,
mobility, transportation, resources,
communication, agglomeration etc.
A quick and simple definition of
Geography thus may be: "the study of the
way in which society organizes itself in
space".

Combination of Economics &
Geography
"In Economic Geography, we study the
(locational, organizational and behavioral)
principles and processes associated with
the spatial allocation of scarce (human,
man-made and natural) resources (which
are also distributed spatially) and the
spatial patterns and (direct and indirect,
social, environmental and economic)
consequences resulting from such
allocations."

Generalized View of Economic Geography
Economic Geography means the analysis of the spatial
distribution of the consumption of resources, goods,
services and transportation and their effects on the
landscape.
Physical Resources, Goods, Services, Transportation
Cultural
Landscape
Landscape
Changes

Authentic Definitions of Economic
Geography
“Economic geography is the study of how
people earn their living, how livelihood
systems vary by area, and how economic
activities are spatially interrelated and
linked”
Getis, Getis and Fellman, p. 355

Thoughts of a Economic
Geographer
"Economic geographers study the
principles governing the spatial
allocation of resources and the
resulting consequences".

Basic Characteristics of economic
Geography
•Economic

geography is a sub-field within the
larger subjects of geography and economics.
•Empirically

based: to understand what we see
and measure in the real world.
•Theoretically

based: generalization and
modelling of processes and spatial diversity

Basic Characteristics of economic
Geography (Cont.)
*Economic geography is important in developed
nations such as the United States because it allows
researchers to understand the structure of the
area's economy and its economic relationship with
other areas around the world. It is also important
in developing nations because the reasons and
methods of development or lack thereof are more
easily understood.

Major Perspectives in Economic
Geography
SPATIAL DIFFERENTIATION

Location
"Place" and "Locality"
Spatial Distribution
SPATIAL INTERACTION PERSPECTIVES
Communications
Transportation
Migration

Major Perspectives in Economic
Geography (Cont.)
ECONOMIC CHANGE, SPATIAL
RESTRUCTURING &
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
"simple change"
"population change"
"structural change"

History and Development of Economic
Geography
-The history of Economic Geography started with the
ancient times when the...
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