Eating Disorders

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Review Article on Teenage Eating Disorders 

Anorexia is an emotional illness in which a person refuses to eat. It  occurs mainly among adolescent girls and young women. The word  anorexia means without appetite, but anorexics may be extremely hungry  most of the time. They avoid food for psychological reasons. The chief  physical symptom of anorexia nervosa is severe weight loss. Other  symptoms include low blood pressure, slow heartbeat and growth of fine  hair on the body. The start of puberty may be delayed in adolescents.  Female anorexics may not begin to menstruate or their menstrual  periods may stop. This eating disorder also affects the personality.  Many anorexics isolate themselves from family and friends. Most  victims seem unaware of their condition. They consider themselves as  healthy, or even overweight. Many anorexics can be cured if they  receive prompt treatment. However, the disease is fatal in some cases. 

The articles I will be comparing are about anorexia nervosa. They both  give the readers facts about anorexia nervosa and the victims’ own  experiences. The first article is taken from the Sunday Telegraph on  11th February 1996 and the second article is taken from the magazine,  Living in March 1995. 

Layout is an important clue as to the bias and audience at which the  article is aimed at. Article one has a very bold headline. The  headline is colloquial, which reads, “How I grew up and filled out”.  It draws the readers to attention because the size and the font style  of the headline differ greatly compared to the rest of the text. This  headline is complex, polysyllabic and there is one thing special about  it, it is an unfinished sentence. We can see that it is unfinished  because there is not any punctuation at the end of the sentence. The  purpose of using an unfinished headline is to keep the readers in  suspense and interested, so that they will read on. The headline does  not contain a pun or a bias twitch. A subheading follows on which  states the basic idea of the article. It reads, “Anorexia afflicts  men, too. Montagu Don, a sufferer in his teenage years, explains how  becoming a father helped him beat his obsession.” Strong and  polysyllabic words are used in the subheading, for example: afflict  and obsession. An opening paragraph is then introduced. Here is some  parts of the opening paragraph: “it is women who create an anorexic  environment within the home; women who project their food obsessions  onto their children and anorexic women who teach their children to be  anorexic.” There is repetition of words in this paragraph which  emphasizes it is usually women who are considered as the anorexics, not  men. The next paragraph starts with “However, men can be anorexic just  as effectively as women.” This provides a contrast. Comparisons are  used quite often in the article. Here is another example: “I got  thinner. Much, much thinner.” By using the word “much” strengthens the  tone of the sentence a lot. In order to make the article looks more  interesting, a photograph of Montagu Don accompanies the article on  the right hand side. It shows Montagu Don has a normal figure and he  is holding a spade. (Montagu Don writes about gardens.) The anchorage  illustrates the situation and there is small caption describing what  he does now. 

The main text is split into three columns as how broadsheets usually  are presented. Article one is aimed at adults because the language and  word structure is much more intellectually based. The vocabulary is  more advanced compared to article two. This article contains a mixture  of formal and informal writing. The article goes into great detail on  the situation in hand and it gives you more facts than you can handle.  The sentences are usually complex, which makes the sentences flow more  easily. However, there are a few short and simple sentences throughout  the article. Having a mixture of both makes the short sentences more  effective...
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