Anorexia is an emotional illness in which a person refuses to eat. It occurs mainly among adolescent girls and young women. The word anorexia means without appetite, but anorexics may be extremely hungry most of the time. They avoid food for psychological reasons. The chief physical symptom of anorexia nervosa is severe weight loss. Other symptoms include low blood pressure, slow heartbeat and growth of fine hair on the body. The start of puberty may be delayed in adolescents. Female anorexics may not begin to menstruate or their menstrual periods may stop. This eating disorder also affects the personality. Many anorexics isolate themselves from family and friends. Most victims seem unaware of their condition. They consider themselves as healthy, or even overweight. Many anorexics can be cured if they receive prompt treatment. However, the disease is fatal in some cases.
The articles I will be comparing are about anorexia nervosa. They both give the readers facts about anorexia nervosa and the victims’ own experiences. The first article is taken from the Sunday Telegraph on 11th February 1996 and the second article is taken from the magazine, Living in March 1995.
Layout is an important clue as to the bias and audience at which the article is aimed at. Article one has a very bold headline. The headline is colloquial, which reads, “How I grew up and filled out”. It draws the readers to attention because the size and the font style of the headline differ greatly compared to the rest of the text. This headline is complex, polysyllabic and there is one thing special about it, it is an unfinished sentence. We can see that it is unfinished because there is not any punctuation at the end of the sentence. The purpose of using an unfinished headline is to keep the readers in suspense and interested, so that they will read on. The headline does not contain a pun or a bias twitch. A subheading follows on which states the basic idea of the article. It reads, “Anorexia afflicts men, too. Montagu Don, a sufferer in his teenage years, explains how becoming a father helped him beat his obsession.” Strong and polysyllabic words are used in the subheading, for example: afflict and obsession. An opening paragraph is then introduced. Here is some parts of the opening paragraph: “it is women who create an anorexic environment within the home; women who project their food obsessions onto their children and anorexic women who teach their children to be anorexic.” There is repetition of words in this paragraph which emphasizes it is usually women who are considered as the anorexics, not men. The next paragraph starts with “However, men can be anorexic just as effectively as women.” This provides a contrast. Comparisons are used quite often in the article. Here is another example: “I got thinner. Much, much thinner.” By using the word “much” strengthens the tone of the sentence a lot. In order to make the article looks more interesting, a photograph of Montagu Don accompanies the article on the right hand side. It shows Montagu Don has a normal figure and he is holding a spade. (Montagu Don writes about gardens.) The anchorage illustrates the situation and there is small caption describing what he does now.
The main text is split into three columns as how broadsheets usually are presented. Article one is aimed at adults because the language and word structure is much more intellectually based. The vocabulary is more advanced compared to article two. This article contains a mixture of formal and informal writing. The article goes into great detail on the situation in hand and it gives you more facts than you can handle. The sentences are usually complex, which makes the sentences flow more easily. However, there are a few short and simple sentences throughout the article. Having a mixture of both makes the short sentences more effective...