The Land of India
India’s First Civilizations
The Arrival of the
The Geography of China
The Shang Dynasty
• India is a land of diversity
• Has about 110 languages and more than 1,000 varieties of language • Indian subcontinent shaped like a triangle hanging from the southern ridge of Asia, is composed of a number of core regions that include, mountain ranges, river valleys, plateau, and fertile coastal plains. • Far north are the Himalayas- highest mountain in world • Rich valley of the Ganges River/ Indus
• Deccan is a plateau that extends from the Ganges valley to southern tip of India.
• Between 3000 B.C. and 1500 B.C., the valleys of the Indus river supported a flourishing civilization • Harappa had 35000 inhabitants, and Mohenjo-Daro perhaps 35,000 to 40,000 • Houses varied in size reaching as high as three stories • Most constructed of mud bricks baked in ovens that forms a grid pattern • Harappan rules based their power on a belief in divine assistance. • Religion and political power were closely linked.
• The Indus valley civilization carried on extensive trade with city states in Mesopotamia.
• 1500 b.c. a group of Indo-European nomadic peoples began to move out of their original homeland in central Asia. • They moved south across the Hindu Kush mountain range into the plains of northern India. They conquered the Harappans and created a new Indian society based on Aryan belief and culture. • Sanskirt- Aryans first writing system
• Caste System- was a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person’s occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society. • 5 major divisions of Indian Classes known as castes in English in ancient times.
• The Hung He stretches...