Dyslexia: A Special Gift or a Burden
Every parent wants to have a genius child who will grow toppers and rankers in the world. Parents already have their plans on what their children will be in the future. They have these high expectations that their child will grow intelligent and fast learners. But what if their expectations become disappointments? What if it turns out that their child isn’t capable of what they expect? Can you consider a child worthless in this world if he can’t just read or write; like what normal children can do? Children who have difficulties in understanding letters, numbers, and directions were called dumb, stupid, lazy, ignorant and illiterate. Some of them are being bullied by their playmates, and pressured and beated by their parents. They are scolded by their teachers that cause to lower their confidence, to be hopeless, and confused of why they can’t live in a normal way. They find no purpose to live, having them to take suicide at an early age. On the research presented by Christine Gorman in the Time Magazine, there is a reading disorder that persists despite good schooling and normal or even above-average intelligence, that affects up to 1 in 5 schoolchildren in the U.S. and which is also common among Asians more especially to the Japanese which 5% of Japanese schoolchildren are affected by this disorder (35). In young age, these children experienced inhumane treatment from their classmates, teachers and even from their parents. Unfortunately, it all happens because of the unawareness of people to a disability called dyslexia. This paper seeks to find out whether dyslexia, a disability where a child is suffering from difficulty in writing and reading should be considered as a special gift or a burden based on their sufferings or their achievements. II. Background of Dyslexia
A. What is Dyslexia?
According to Bannatyne, “Dyslexia has been defined by exclusion as reading spelling, and writing disabilities not primarily caused by low intelligence, emotional disturbance, organ deficits, etc.” (qtd. in Lenkowsky and Saposnek 59). Augie Rivera defined dyslexia as a learning difficulty characterized by problems in one or more of the following areas of written or spoken language: reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes-even math . Dyslexia is not the result of visual impairment, low intelligence, lack of motivation, inadequate teaching, cultural differences, poor environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions. It is a neurological condition – it has to do with how the brain recognizes and interprets what it sees and hears. Dyslexics learn and process information differently. Dyslexia is a congenital and a lifelong condition. It may be genetic. It is not a disease, so there is no cure (45). B. Causes of Dyslexia
Researchers have long believed that dyslexia stem from abnormalities in the brain but there are some reasons where dyslexia came from. Dyslexia is either by hereditary, brain trauma or injury or by hormonal development or malnutrition during the early stages of fetal development. In the website of Understanding Learning Disabilities, dyslexia has been grouped according to nature into three. First, the Hereditary or Primary Dyslexia, it is a dysfunction of, rather than damage to, the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex) and does not change with age. It is passed in family lines through their genes or hereditary which are more often, found in boys than girls. Second, Trauma Dyslexia, which usually occurs after some form of brain trauma or injury to the left side of the brain that control the reading and writing of a person. It can be permanent brain injury if it results from severe head injuries. Lastly, is the Secondary Dyslexia or Developmental Dyslexia. The main cause of this kind of Dyslexia is the hormonal development or malnutrition during the...
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