Drug Addcition

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Behavioral, psychological, physical, and social effects of psychoactive substances on the user and significant others.

In this assignment I will be looking at the behavioral, psychological, physical and social effects on substance on the user and to their families, friends and society. This will include the analyses social aspects of many of the key issues involved in drug abuse. First I will be looking at to psycho active drugs and how it effects. Secondly discuses the effects on behavioral, physical, psychological and social impact of drug abuse and its consequences for families, friends, health, education, crime and employment. At the end I will include a conclusion including the main important points.

“…any substance which, when taken into a living organism, may modify perception, mood, cognition behavior or motor function.” (World Health organization, 1998) Psychoactive drugs are interactive with the central nervous system (CNS) affecting the mental processes and behavior, effects on the perceptions of reality, with level of alertness, response time and perception of the world. Drug use creates serious challenges as it affects leading the health and life of the drug user, the social wellbeing of the family and community as well as it affects the economy of the society. Drug addiction is a complex illness characterized by compulsive, and at times, uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use that persist even in the face of extremely negative consequences. In general psychoactive substances are that they alter mood, thoughts judgment, sensory perception and behavior.

Effects of drug addiction are felt by the addict both physically and psychologically. The effects are also seen in those around the addict, like families, friends, and community. In Maldives users go into many troubles due to their irrational behavior. Starting from home they start to rob in streets. Involve into fights and violence. Their hygiene level lowers down. Abusive incidence raise in family and with their relations. Their behavior leads them to more criminal activities. Psycho-stimulant like Cocaine and Methamphetamine use is associated with high risk sexual behavior, e.g., unprotected sex and multi partners. Leading to getting into accidents and injury, aggression and also reduced work performance. Female drug users lead in to sex workers, and sometimes they are forced into sex work in order to get their drugs and to survive. They do get into violence, sexual abuse, and physical abuse, emotional and mental abuse. Sometimes users involve into MSM, FSW, MSW where the drug community gets discriminated in the community. Isolating them because no family support and some of the female drug users start living with drug using boyfriends or drug dealers which leads them to relapse at some point. Lower level of drug users are found like involve in petty theft which is very common in Male’ now. (Bagir, 2012) Drugs that can slow down, such as depressants, marijuana, or pain medications that cause drowsiness, often induce unconcern in things that the user would normally pay attention to. Driving under the influence, susceptibility to sexual advances, and not being on time. A user may not be able to decide to trust a stranger or not, guessing how many minutes or hours have passed, these drugs will somehow affect their ability to judge accurately and consciously. This depends on the drug user’s potency and the individual’s experience, tolerance, and original judgment skills. All the substances have on our physical and mental coordination. Where some drugs definitely enhance performance of certain tasks and recreations.

National Drug Survey on 2011-2012 indicates, “ that a number of researches, illicit drug use imposes a significant social burden and has been associated with a range of adverse outcomes such as reduced educational achievement, criminality, mental health problems and criminal behavior. Some of it includes rapid changes in...
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