Down's Syndrome

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Down’s Syndrome

Abstract
This research is aimed at getting theoretical and practical knowledge about Down’s Syndrome. Psychological aids such as observation, Informal Interviews and case histories were used to gather information for this project. The conclusion drawn was that it is possible for individuals suffering from Down’s Syndrome to lead a fairly normal and highly satisfying life if they are provided with a loving and nurturing environment at home. Introduction

The aim of this paper was to study and observe the personalities, habits, behavior, problems etc. of the developmentally challenged- how they interact with each other and how their disabilities interfere with their day to day lives. From research conducted on this topic, it was found that Down’s Syndrome Or Trisomy 21 is a chromosomal disorder which is caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. It is not a problem that can be erased from the person’s life; however with adequate care there is a big chance that he or she can lead a fairly normal life. Often Down’s Syndrome is associated with impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth, and a particular set of facial characteristics. Individuals with Down’s Syndrome tend to have lower than average cognitive ability, often ranging from mild to moderate disabilities. In spite of this, those individuals who receive family support, enrichment therapies, and tutoring have known to graduate from high school and college, and enjoy employment in the work force. The average IQ of children with Down’s Syndrome is 50, compared to normal children with an IQ of 100. The incidence of Down’s syndrome is estimated 1 per 733 births, although it is statistically more common with older parents due to increased mutagenic exposure upon their reproductive cells. Early childhood intervention, screening for common problems, medical treatment where indicated, a conducive family environment, and vocational training can improve the overall development of children with Down’s Syndrome. Education and proper care will improve the quality of life significantly. Aim

The main aim of this paper was to study how people suffering from Down’s Syndrome behave. This was mainly done using observation as a tool. My aim was to prove that through a nourishing environment and awareness it is possible for a person suffering from Down’s Syndrome to lead a fairly normal life. Review of Literature

Down’s Syndrome is named after Doctor Langdon Down, who in 1866 first described the syndrome as a disorder. Although he made some important observations about this disorder, he did not correctly identify what causes the disorder. it wasn’t until 1959 that scientists discovered the genetic origins of Down Syndrome. Exactly how the extra genes from chromosome 21 lead to Down syndrome is still not clear. Scientists believe that the increased presence of specific genes alters the interaction between these and other genes. Some genes will become more active and others less active than normal, leading to changes in the development and maintenance of the body. Why some individuals are more severely affected than others might have to do with how many and which specific extra genes were inherited.

There are more than 50 features of Down syndrome. But not every person with Down syndrome has all the same features or health problems. Some features and problems are common. Body shape and size
Short stature (height). A child often grows slowly and is shorter than average as an adult. •Weak muscles (hypotonia) throughout the body. Weak belly muscles also make the stomach stick out. •A short, wide neck. The neck may have excess fat and skin. •Short, stocky arms and legs. Some children also have a wide space between the big toe and second toe. Face shape and features

Slanted eyes. Tissue may also build up on the colored part of the eye (iris). But the child's vision is not affected by this buildup. •A nasal bridge that looks pushed...
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