Door to Hell

Topics: Natural gas, Petroleum, Carbon dioxide Pages: 2 (571 words) Published: May 20, 2013
Topic: Door to Hell

General purpose: To inform
Specific purpose: To inform audience about the door to hell. Central idea: The history of Door to Hell and how it could happen.

(Transition: Let’s start by watching this video)

I. It is situated in a small town of Derweze, Turkmenistan. II. Derweze is also known as Darvaza.
III. It is a village of about 350 people and is located in the middle of Karakum.

I. The name of the field is "Door to Hell"
A. It was given to the field by the locals that call it Door to Hell B. It referring to the fire, boiling mud and orange flames in Derweze's 1. The Door to Hell is the large crater with a diameter of 70 metres (230 ft). 2. The hot spots range over with width 60 metres and the depth around 20 metres. C. The gas reserve found here is one of the largest in the world.

(Transition: Ladies, lets proceed on how this phenomenon could happen.)
II. While drilling in 1971, Soviet geologists tapped into a cavern filled with natural gas. D. When the Turkmenistan was part of USSR, the soviets geologist explores the natural gas. E. The scientists set up a drilling rig and camp nearby, and started drilling operations to assess the quantity of gas reserve available at the site F. As the Soviets were pleased with the success of finding the gas resources, they started storing the gas. G. Suddenly, the ground beneath the drilling rig and camp collapsed into a wide crater and disappeared. 1. There were no lives lost in the incident but it left large hole. H. However, a large quantity of methane gas was released, 1. It can create an environmental problem and posing a potential danger to the people of the nearby villages 2. If the methane gas was released it can cause dangerous green house whose potential global warming is high.

III. Then, the gas was spread out from the cavern.
I. No one dares to go...
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