Domestic Violence and Its Effect on Children

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HS5401: History of Social Welfare
Capella University
Ereeka Brooks
March 16, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. ABSTRACT
II. INTRODUCTION
III. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROLEM
IV. HISTORY OF PROBLEM
V. THEORIES REALTED TO PROBLEM
VI. POLICIES ADDRESSING PROBLEM
VII. SUMMARY
VIII. CONCLUSION
IX. REFERENCES

Abstract
Children who live in domestic violence homes are constantly being exposed to verbal and physical abuse, directly or indirectly, it has to account for some form of damage within them. They generally suffer in silence, but often develop high levels of aggression, anger issues and anxiety, and often become depressed, there is even a potential to develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Therefore, it is imperative that research continue to be conducted in order to further understand how being exposed to domestic violence will affect the child as they develop into adults.

Introduction
There is an estimated four million incidences of domestic violence against women that occur each year according to the Office on Women’s Health (OWH) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2000). The estimated number of children between the ages of 3-17 that have witnessed at least one violent act between their parents is between 3.3 to nearly 10 million (Fontes, 2000). There are studies that state children exposed to domestic violence directly or indirectly tend to be affected emotionally as well as psychologically, have problems with concentration at school and tend to be involved in relationships centered on domestic violence, as they believe it to be an ordinary part of the relationship due to their experiences (Fontes, 2000). Identification of Problem

One in six American couples has engaged in partner against partner assault and Straus (1992) estimated that 10 million American children are witness to domestic violence in their home each year. The impart of domestic violence towards women has been found to be detrimental to the overall wellbeing and personal growth of women and their children and to negatively influence relationships with extended family, friends, in their workplace and their community (Bosch, 2006). Wolfe et al (2003) concluded that children who were both abused and exposed to domestic violence had higher levels of emotional and behavior problems. The problems posed by children’s exposure to violence not only affect children’s physical health and safety, but also their psychological adjustment, social relations, and academic achievement. The impact of violence exposure goes beyond emotional and behavioral disorders; it also affects children’s views of the world, themselves, their ideas about the meaning and purpose of life, their expectations for future happiness, and their moral development. The effects of exposure to violence may be less dependent on the type of exposure and more dependent on the processes and pathways by which exposure affects individual children. History of Problem

Child maltreatment is also associated with aberrations in brain development and physical illness (DeBellis et al, 1999; Walker et al, 1999). There is a clear imperative to identify, disseminate, and implement effective psychosocial treatment for maltreated children and their families, and tend to provide these in a timely manner. It is vital to be able to provide services and programs for those who have been exposed to domestic violence within their homes, especially children. A child’s mind is dramatically impressionable, as a result they can be easily influence to use aggression in order to attain or gain whatever it is they would like at the time they want; for example “It’s okay to hit.” Therefore, it is imperative that research continue to be conducted in order to further understand how being exposed to domestic violence will affect the child as they develop into adults. Theories related to Problem

Children who are a witness to domestic violence often suffer in...
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