1.Yes, the affirmative action is morally defensible because is sanctioned and required by the constitution to achieve real equality. It is designed to reduce the dangerous levels of inequality in our society and ease the pressure on our social order. It is not a reverse discrimination as it seeks to achieve an objectively goal.The affirmative action is aimed at addressing the imbalances of the past, and it is in the best interest of society to promote the general well being of as many of its citizens as possible. Our constitution is not color blind and recognize the need to take race and gender into account when making certain decisioNs. Ever since affirmative action was implemented, black people, women and the disabled which were previously discriminated are now given equal opportunities in certain work places. The fundamental purpose of affirmative action is to further equal opportunities and prevent discrimination. Importantly , its programs have a positive impact not only on women,people of color, the disabled but all members of the society. 2.According to my knowledge, united states is the country that has successfully implemented affirmative action because they are the ones that designed it, they made sure that they had to make it succeed and lead by an example.The united states of America used affirmative action to promote racial preference through implementation of various acts of inequality. United states department of labor implemented affirmative action by offering out reach campaigns, targeted recruitment, employed and management development and employee support programs. President John.F designed affirmative action in the united states as a tool to address discrimination in the 1960’s, and to ensure that applicants are employed, employees are treated fairly during employment without regard to their race, color or language. He pointed that...