Disease Assignment - Chickenpox

Topics: Herpes zoster, Chickenpox, Varicella zoster virus Pages: 1 (305 words) Published: April 1, 2013

Causes of Chickenpox - The cause of chickenpox is the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Chickenpox can also be caused by both direct contact to the skin and by contact from coughing, sneezing from the infected individual.

Symptoms of Chickenpox - The symptoms of the chickenpox is a red, itchy rash the first appears on the back or abdomen and face. It then will spread all over the body to the mouth, nose, scalp, ears and genitals. The rash then turns into small bumps that look like pimples which develop into blisters filled with clear fluid. It may take up to 10 – 21 days for symptoms to appear on the skin.

Long & Short Term Effects of Chickenpox - There are no really long and short term effects of chickenpox but the person infected with the disease may get scarring to the skin from where the rash or blister was. Also Some people may get blotches to the skin but these are usually temporary and vanish within a year.

Treatment of Chickenpox - There is no real treatment for chickenpox, but taking frequent baths help stop the itching. If the sores become infected from young children scratching them, antibiotics can be used. If there are any people who are at risk with complications from the chickenpox the medicine acyclovir may be used with the first 24 hours of the rash appearing.

How to Prevent Chickenpox - Children should receive the vaccine when they are 12 to 15 months old and another shot of the vaccine when they are 4 to 6 years old. This vaccine will give a 70% effective in preventing mild infection and a 90% effective in preventing severe forms of the chickenpox. However, kids will still get infected with the chickenpox after being immunized just the symptoms are milder than the kids who didn’t get the vaccine.
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