Montessori way of teaching mathematic is truly a wonderful and interesting way to learn the concepts of mathematics. Mathematic is very important for our daily life. Mathematic relates to numbers and numbers are around us all the time, so it is very important to introduce numbers to the child at very early age, but before you introduce numbers it is important to lay a strong foundation of practical life activities and sensorial training to the child. Practical life activities allows the child to gain precision in movements and strength of hand as well as the ability to focus on the work, it also helps in development of sense of order and logical and sequential thought pattern that indirectly prepare the child for mathematic .It also provides an opportunity for the child to develop the social skills to work well with others. On the other hand sensorial training helps in child’s development of the senses that allows the child to better investigate the world around him. Sensorial training also helps the child to learn mathematics when exploring dimensions with the red rod, pink tower, he experiences exactness & perception through cylinder block, sense of weight through baric tablet and so on. It also sets the ground work for geometry and algebra with the geometric cabinet and triangle boxes and binomial and trinomial cubes. The exercises in this area assist the child in building up their Mathematical mind. Montessori looked at the Mathematical Mind as that of a mind that works with precision taking precise observations and working the new information into their existing framework of knowledge. Work with the Sensorial materials builds up this precise mind by sharpening the observational skills of all the senses. “And if we look now at the sensorial apparatus which is able to evoke such a deep concentration, there is no doubt that this apparatus may be regarded not only as a help to exploring the environment, but to development of the mathematical mind.” (Absorbent mind, Ch 17, 186)Activities in both the areas help the child to move with precision and to work exactness of movement and thoughts. Although number are around a child when he does not understand math at all, the child come around questions such how old are you? how many eyes do you have ??but Maria Montessori believed that the sensitive period to mathematic in a child is in between 3 to 5 ½ year of age, at that age it is easier to him to be introduced to the concepts of numerals, decimal system, place value, linear counting and so on…hence it is very important that the child gets correct environment and appropriate material necessary to enhance his mathematical skill and in-order to cater to this need of the child Montessori organized the Montessori mathematics into 6 groups, Introduction of numbers, decimal systems, teen board, operations, arithmetic tables and recording and abstractions.
Montessori strongly believed that mathematic is a reality based where the concrete material is used to present abstract ideas for child’s better understanding, hence she designed the material in this area on the same approach. The activities designed proceeded from concrete to abstract. Again with in each group the exercise moves from concrete to abstract. Maria Montessori initially introduced activities like number rods, sandpaper numeral, spindle box, cards and counter to the child, where he grasp the order from one to ten, he understands the value of each number, understand odd & even and is able to recognize the relationship of numbers and quantities, she then introduced decimal system to the child, child prior experience with the sensorial training makes these activities more interesting and acts as a bridge in his better understanding. The child is introduced decimal system using golden bead material to teach the names of the quantities one, ten, hundred, & thousand through three period naming lesson. “Upon a thorough knowledge of units is achieved, the material is limited...
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