Discrimination and Segregation
Martin Luther King Jr. lost his life trying to better the lives of African-American people. He was one of the greatest American Civil Rights leaders of the 1960s. Martin Luther King Jr. was a well-known Civil Rights Activist who was attempting to get rid of discrimination. He also worked primarily in the South where he labored steadily to overthrow laws that promoted segregation (Jacobus 211). King never gave up on helping out his people. He assisted the Civil Rights Movement that desegregated buses. He dreamed for everyone to be treated fairly, work together, different color skin would not matter. King was born to become a great activist leader. Laws were created to segregate and discriminate races base on their colored skin. In addition, organizations that helped get rid of segregation and discrimination among white and colored people. During the 1950s, King led several demonstrations like sit-ins, marches and protests. King became famous for supporting a program to integrate buses in Montgomery, Alabama (Jacobus 211). It became the Montgomery Bus Boycott, where hundreds of African Americans refused to ride city buses, to protest segregating seating. Throughout the Bus Boycott, homes and restaurants were getting bombed. King’s home was bombed and as well as others in the community. The Negroes were outraged for this typed of cruelty the whites were causing. After King’s home bombing, the Negroes gathered at his house and King told them “not to get your weapons, be peaceful and remember if I am stopped, this movement will not be stopped” (The Montgomery Advertiser). King tried his best to calm the Negroes down and he kept telling them not to use violence as revenge. In addition King also stated “…We are not advocating violence We want to love our enemies. I want you to love our enemies. Be good to them. Love them and let them know you love them…” (The Montgomery Advertiser) King respected everyone regarding his or her colored skin or race. He knew in order to earn respect is to give respect. Everyone should be treated fairly and not involved violence of any kind. The Jim Crow era was a struggle for the colored people who were discriminated, segregated and violated. This law created segregation between all races. By 1914 laws effectively created two separate societies: one black and one white (Rise and Fall of Jim Crow). Facilities were segregated such as, restaurants, restrooms, water fountains, theaters, hotels, hospitals, etc. All schools were separated for white and colored children. Restaurants could not sell to both races and bus stations were to have different waiting rooms and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races (Rise and Fall of Jim Crow). As long as facilities were “separate but equal”, between races it was acceptable. A young man by the name Nobuo Honda experienced the Jim Crow era. He was on his way to Fort Benning, Georgia and it was his first time in the United States of America. Honda was traveling by bus and when he got to a bus in Atlanta, he noticed something different. Honda sat in the back of the bus when the bus driver told him to sit in the front. As Honda sits in the front of the bus, his thoughts made sense of what was happening: After a few minutes sitting up front, I began to realize what was happening -- that I was in the American South where they have different rules and regulations where Blacks all sit in the back of the bus. Not wanting to cause any disturbances, I just obeyed the customs and the rules of the American South. When I got off the bus in Fort Benning, I had to choose between the black and white bathrooms. Not being black or white, I nevertheless made the conscious choice to go to the white bathroom (Nobuo Honda) This was when Honda discovered the Jim Crow Laws. Segregation made it difficult for white and colored people to live. In 1890, the Louisiana government passed a law...
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