Disaster in the Philippines

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Chapter 1
I. Introduction

The Pacific Rim is not only a community of the fastest growing and most dynamic nations in the world. It is also the area exposed to a wide range of natural disaster. The Philippines archipelago, located near the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, is in the direct path of seasonal typhoons and monsoon rains which bring floods, storms, storm surges, and their attendant landslides and other forms of devastation. The Philippines also sits on the "ring of fire" where the continental plates collide and thus experience periodic earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The Philippine exposure to natural disasters may be characterized as frequent, varied, and severe; a combination which has made the country particularly attentive to disaster reduction.( http://www.adrc.asia/countryreport/PHL/PHLeng98/index.html) There are 47 disasters experienced by the Philippines during 2012. This includes tropical storm, typhoon, landslides, flashfloods and earthquakes. (http://www.disaster-report.com/2012/03/latest-natural-disasters-in-philippines.html)

Philippines ranks as the third most disaster-prone country in the world because of its high exposure to natural calamities, a new international report showed. The World Disaster Report 2012, released in Brussels on Oct. 11, also said that the Philippines could spare up to 20 million of its people—about a fifth of its total population—from natural disasters by improving the protection of its coral reefs, a primary line of defense against coastal hazards, including tsunamis. When it comes to province, Pampanga is one of the prone areas of disasters. It has been under state of calamity last August 2012. Wherein, 119 barangays in at least 10 municipalities in the province were affected by floodwaters, according to the report from the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC). But local disaster officials expect a rise in the statistics as reports on Tuesday from different local...
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