Different Disciplines of Social Science

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An essay on how different Social Science disciplines can research and evaluate a social issue which in this assignment is unemployment Introduction
The Social Sciences consist of a variety of disciplines which include Philosophy, History, Anthropology, Sociology, Economics and Social Policy (NUI Handbook 2011). These Sciences are normally named as there is a system to studying these subjects and applying empirical data to scientific research in analysing certain aspects of society whether it is higher education, homelessness, unemployment or suburban living. Research may be in the form of data collected from groups or may be collected by observing society living day to day as Arensberg and Kimball did in Co Clare in 1920 ((Brody 1971:47) Unemployment in Ireland has reached unprecedented levels in a short number of years. It now stands at 14% and this month has slightly receded. Government has said this is a good sign that we are now on the road to recovery, but if the Social Science Discipline is to examine this in detail. It may give a seriously different picture on the factors that lead to unemployment and the real reasons for the decline in unemployment in December 2011. I will discuss Sociology and Economics to identify how these two disciplines would research and explain unemployment, a serious social issue in Ireland. Sociology

Sociology is the scientific study of people and society. It is a discipline which will critically evaluate what is happening in society and how events in society may have added or associated itself with these lifestyles or events. An example is suburban living in Ireland today where sociologist have studied suburbia in detail and have actually predicted the slums or ghost estates that exist today (Greene 2004). This is a study of the Culture of Society in looking at the type of people who move to suburbia, the lifestyles they enhance, the classes (working) and demographics and social inclusion of these societies. A lecturer in Sligo, Sparks (2010) has spoken of being a ‘blow-in’ in his rural village as he moved in from England and has had a task in integrating into the small community where he has settled. A sociologist would be very interested in the relationships which exist between the local people and the new villagers who are working away from the locality and then coming back in the late evenings to live and sleep in these ‘Dormer Villages’ which have sprung up around major towns as a result of the Celtic Tiger days and now people have found themselves tied down and unable to move as a result of negative equity, loss of jobs, high fuel costs and family commitments. Sociologists will look at many aspects of society which lead to unemployment and will get an understanding of why the country has so many unemployed at this time. They will research Policies that Governments implemented, demographics of groups of people and their social background, the education of people and the economy and how all these different parts of society has ended up with unemployment in certain parts of Ireland and how communities are coping with this change in life. One example of this is where large scale emigration in small towns is leading to a breakdown in GAA teams who have not enough players to keep the club operating successfully (Western People 2010) Economics

Economics is the study of the production, distribution and consumption of goods, services and resources. It’s about how society manages scarce resources. Economists will make every effort to gain the most from limited resources and will evaluate an economy in the area of Macroeconomics and Microeconomics ( Mankiw 2007:4). Macroeconomics will study employment and unemployment and will ascertain the main components in the economy that cause unemployment and make decisions as to how an economy like Ireland can turn things around and get jobs back for people. An economist will study things like Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and a country’s surplus or...
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