"Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two different societies, why did this difference in development occur?"
For different reasons, settlers chose to inhabit the regions of New England and Chesapeake. The social economic and political reasons separated these groups. This was mostly because of the different founding purposes; New England being founded on religous values and the Chesapake being founded for financial reasons by Joint Stock companies. Although settled largely by people of the English origin, the regions of the east cost had evolved into two different societies by 1700.
The push and pull factors of the settlers coming to New England and Chesapeake had distinct differences. Those traveling to Chesapeake were escaping poverty after the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Economic opportunity reeled them in, along with the promise of the Virginia Stock Company keeping the colony alive. Religious freedom was a single pull factor both regions shared. While the people of Chesapeake came mostly for the economic reasons, New England settlers came with much more of a family motive, religious reasons, and to create a "pillar" society. John Winthrop wanted a "city upon a hill" in the New England colony. They were scared of England's future and wished to escape Charles I after the dismissal of Parliament. The Great Puritan Migration is also linked to why they left. In New England these settlers established self-government in which the Mayflower Compact helped. The differences in motives played a large role in how the societies evolved to becoming so different.
Along with different reasons to settle comes with different types of people coming to settle. The people coming to Chesapeake were economically minded and, unlike New England settlers, didn't feel the need to be family motivated. The land was had many unmarried men and indentured servents while very...
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