Did You Know that Nauru is a Country?

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I. Did you know that Nauru is also a country? It is the world’s smallest island country, rich in history and culture, and also the fattest place on Earth!

II. Nauru is a small oval-shaped island in the western Pacific Ocean approximately 21 sq. Km, located 26 miles south of the equator.

A. Nauru’s proximity results in the tropical kind of climate experienced on the island. The dry season in the climate of Nauru is accompanied by the easterly trade winds. The wet season begins from November and ends around February. The westerly monsoon winds bring in moisture bearing clouds to Nauru during the wet season. The only hazard in Nauru climate is the frequent droughts. The amount of rainfall on the island of Nauru varies greatly and droughts are caused (weatheronline.com). B. Nauru's terrain consists of a rough beach that rises to a fertile but narrow ring around a raised prehistoric coral reef plateau studded with coral pinnacles exposed by phosphate mining. C. Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the pacific. i. Until recently Nauru's phosphate reserves were thought to be nearly depleted, but there are some indications that the potential for continued productive mining might exist. However a century of mining has stripped and devastated four-fifths of the total land area. Efforts to rehabilitate the mined out areas have been unsuccessful. Nauru's only fertile areas are within the narrow coastal belt where there are coconut palms, pandanus trees and indigenous hardwoods and the land surrounding the inland Buada Lagoon on the central plateau where bananas, pineapples and some vegetables are grown (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs). III. Nauru was first inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian people at least 3000 years ago. A. The British sea captain John Fearn, a whale hunter, became the first Westerner to visit this island in 1798, and he named it “Pleasant Island”. B. Nauru was annexed by Germany...
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