Development of a Four Year Old

Topics: Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 1 (325 words) Published: May 19, 2013
Documentation Plan
Child name: Ethan Gaines
Age: 4 years old
Observation location: Social interaction with peers in the outdoors area. Observer: Terry Spencer
Summary:
After completing several observations using different methods on Ethan Gaines, this data will show how he is developing. According to Piaget, the three-year-old is in the preoperational stage of development. One main characteristic of a three-year-old is their egocentric, or self-centered, thinking. They believe that everyone sees the world as they do. They also tend to fix on one aspect of a situation and ignore others, and they cannot mentally reverse a series of events or steps. The typical three-year-old stands about 34 to 43 inches in height and weighs 25 to 44 pounds with a more adult-like appearance. They have a full set of baby teeth and usually sleep through the night without wetting the bed. As the three-year-old grows, they need nurturing environments with developmentally appropriate practices where they feel safe and loved and can thrive in all developmental areas. These areas of development include gross and fine motor, cognitive, language and social emotional. As we continue to look at the three-year-old, we will review the typical development in these areas. Language/ Cognitive

Social/ Emotion
Physical
According to Piaget, the three-year-old is in the preoperational stage of development. One main characteristic of a three-year-old is their egocentric, or self-centered, thinking. They believe that everyone sees the world as they do. Fine motor skills include the child's ability to use small muscle in coordination with the eyes. The fine motor skills of a three-year-old might include holding a spoon, turning pages of a book, drawing simple shapes, using crayons, cutting with scissors, and building an 8-block tower. Although Ethan seems to be developing appropriate according to Piaget, he is having a...
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