The NHS stands for the National Health Service, which provides healthcare for all UK citizens based on their need for healthcare rather than their ability to pay for it. It is funded by taxes. http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/health-services-guide/what-is-the-nhs.htm
Aneurin Bevan 15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960 was a Welsh Labour Party politician who was the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1959 until his death in 1960. His most famous accomplishment came when, as Minister of Health in the post-war Attlee government, he spearheaded the establishment of the National Health Service, which was to provide medical care free at point-of-need to all Britons. When?
The National Health Service started on 5 July 1948. It was a momentous achievement and, in spite of earlier professional opposition to some of the details, everybody wanted the new service to work. However, the weather was frightful, food was still rationed, and there was a dollar economic crisis and a shortage of fuel. Yet the 1951 Festival of Britain, on the South Bank, provided a glimpse of a better future. Why?
The NHS was founded in order to provide free health care to those who were poor and needed immediate or regular care such as the miners, soldiers, expecting mother, etc. What was Life Like?
The war had created a housing crisis - alongside post-war re-building of cities, the New Towns Act (1946) created major new centres of population which needed health services. Hospitals had little claim on the few building materials available - housing and schools came first. The distribution of consultant services was poor, for specialists were centred in the major hospitals in large cities where private practice was possible, not rural areas. In some large counties there were few consultants. The NHS was founded at the time when massive innovation was occurring, some stimulated by war. The pharmaceutical industry was creating a flood of new...