Development of Neo Realism

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Italian neorealism, French New Wave, Film
  • Pages : 6 (2207 words )
  • Download(s) : 45
  • Published : December 11, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Chart the development of Italian Neo-Realism and discuss its influence on later European and American film-making. Italian neorealism was established in the 1940 and is now a national film movement branded by narratives which are set around the ordinary lives of the poor and the working class. The majority of films within the movement are filmed on location, commonly the use of nonprofessional actors are incorporated to reinforce the realist impression. Italian Neorealist films mostly portray the everyday struggle of life, and commonly document the lives of Italians living in Italy after World War 2. Italian neorealism became major movement after the release of Roberto Rossellini’s Open City. ‘Roma Citia Aperta (Open City) is widely regarded as the most important film in Italian cinema history’.(Brunette.P,1987,pp.41). This historic masterpiece sparked off the movement, which despite being short lived influenced many contemporary directors film making practices. Fascism emerged in Italy in 1922, this ensured all films were hi jacked by propaganda. In1926 the fascist Italian government set up the Italian film societies this resulted in directors receiving funding for films from the government. In order to receive maximum funding for filming practices, film makers made an increasing amount of propaganda films .This process successfully continued and in 1935 the Centro Sperimentale was opened. The Centro Sperimentale was a government sponsored films school which allowed aspiring directors and film makers alike to experiment all of their skills. The intentions of the government however were to train all of these aspiring films makers, to an extent where reeling off propaganda films were an effortless process. Ensuring these aspiring film makers would only channel their energy in to propaganda films, the Italian fascists banned the screening of any Hollywood movie in 1938. They also believed that Hollywood movies could influence the Italian people to think twice about democracy. This was carried on for a total of seven years then died along with fascism. ‘Within the Italian industry a sharp divide emerged between the exhibitors, who made common cause with the Americans in their eagerness to fill the cinemas with the Hollywood films of which the public had been deprived during the war.’(Cook.P,2007,pp.233) Italian Neorealism arose as World War II concluded and Benito Mussolini's government fell. This resulted in the making of propaganda films coming to an end. Neorealism was a symbol of cultural change and social progress in Italy. Neorealism films consisted of contemporary narratives and ideologies, and were often filmed in the streets due to significant damage being caused to most studios during the war. The neorealist style as we know it was established by a crowd of film critics that wrote for the magazine Cinema, some of the writers amongst this this crowd were Michelangelo Antonioni, Cesare Zavattini, Gianni Puccini and Luchino Visconti .The critics avoided publishing stories about politics as the editor-in-chief of the magazine was Vittorio Mussolini, son of Benito Mussolini the great fascist dictator. Alternatively the critics attacked the white telephone films or Telefoni Bianchi which at the time were the successors of the industry. These films were set in upper class environments and stared upper class characters; they were the complete opposite to any films of the neorealism movement. During the spring of 1945, Benito Mussolini was executed resulting in Italy being liberated from German occupation. This particular period was known as the "Italian Spring,". This allowed a chance to break free from old ways and offered a fresh realistic approach to film making. Italian cinema went from using elaborate studio settings, to using the suburban and the urban streets in order to offer a more realistic setting. In terms of ideology Italian Neorealism films have specific traits, these are as following. The narrative tends to...
tracking img