26 April 2013
The Black Death was undoubtedly one of the most devastating diseases that occurred during the middle ages. The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was s worldwide epidemic that caused the death of more than 20 million people throughout Europe. The plague killed over a third of the entire population. However, I will include two book sources and two articles. Authors Jerrold Atlas, Barbara Tuchman, Graham Twigg, and Jill Claster will break down the plague piece by piece. It has been described as the worst natural disaster in European history. The Bubonic Plague scattered rapidly causing outbreaks in the economy, social structure, and both rural and urban areas.
The Bubonic Plague or otherwise known as the Black Plague spread extremely fast by both humans and animals. There was great population loss. A third of the population of Europe died from the outbreak. In many European cities population had descended up to 50 percent or more. In 1346, rumors of a plague that started in China and spreaded throughout Asia, Persia, Syria, Egypt, and India reached Europe causing India to depopulate. The Bubonic Plague is carried by black rats and spread by humans by the fleas that infested them. Humans carried this disease, so this gave them the opportunity to pass the infected disease through the air. “Dogs and cats fell like the rest” showing how the plague killed everything and was not restricted to humans (Tuchman 688). The rapidity of the disease spreaded and the lack of reports of numerous dead black rats suggested that other diseases may also have been occurred (Atlas 250). These animals have fleas that are infected with the plague bacteria. People may get exposed to the bacteria from flea bites or from direct contact with an infected animal.
As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted Europe in 13-49, as many as half the population died and less than half the work...