Determining the Rate of Osmosis with Water and Sucrose
Results: Bag 1 had a rate of osmosis equal to 0.01 grams per minute. Bag 2 had a rate of osmosis equal to 0.0543 grams per minute. Bag 3 had a rate of osmosis equal to 0.0471 grams per minute. Bag 4 had a rate of osmosis equal to 0.0886 grams per minute. Bag 5 had a rate of osmosis equal to -0.0914 grams per minute (Figure A).
Figure A: Shifting of mass in grams for each dialysis bag was measured every 5 minutes for 30 minutes. Bag 1 contained DI H2O and was submerged in DI H2O. Bags 2, 3, and 4 were submerged in DI H2O and contained 20%, 40%, 60% sucrose, respectively. Bag 5 was submerged in 60% sucrose and contained DI H2O. Discussion: Data follows expectations of hypothesis on the basis that H2O will move from an area of high concentration to low concentration. Also, the rate of which it would move depending on concentration. The higher the concentration of sucrose inside of the dialysis bag, the faster the rate of water will travel into the bag. The rate of osmosis increases as the concentration of sucrose inside the bag is higher. Correspondingly, with bag 5, the water inside the dialysis bag would travel once again to a place of lower water concentration, the sucrose in the beaker. This is so because sucrose has a low concentration of water. Therefore, the water will travel from high to low concentration. The sucrose in bags 2, 3, and 4 are hypertonic to the water inside the beaker. Adversely, the water inside the beaker is hypotonic to the sucrose inside the bag. Another example to this would be swimming in the ocean (salt water) where the ocean’s water is hypertonic (lower water concentration) and the human body is hypotonic (higher water concentration), causing the water inside the human body to move from its high concentration to the ocean’s low concentration. Bag 1 represents an isotonic solution, where the...