Health Promotion Essay- The Determinants of Health
The determinants of health are economic and social conditions that affect people’s health status. These influence the living and working conditions that impacts people’s everyday living condition. Factors such as the place and the environment we live in, genetics, educational level or work status and income, as well as friends and family are some of the aspects that affects our health condition. On the other hand, the people that have an access to good health care and have financial stability are less susceptible and are often less affected. (NANB, 2009)
There are difficulties and challenges on how to facilitate and what tools to use to resolve the determinants of health such as focusing on research agenda to increase the knowledge and understanding on how health determinants affects individuals well-being and create strategies on how to improve it. Targeting the root of the problem, along with all the data collected are some of the strategies in resolving this dilemma. Collaboration of health professionals and government agencies, as well as media is few of the actions taken in alleviating this issue. Involvement from the public and community are a major key in finding the solution to this problem.
This essay will discuss two of the twelve determinants of health and how they affect the population. The nursing role and how they have a huge contribution in creating a positive impact are among the issues addressed in this paper. Nurses have an important role in patient care and they can make a difference in the life of an individual. Proper knowledge and training with regards to health determinants are one aspect that will help nurses in assessing to plan an effective intervention in collaboration with the members of the health care team. The information collected during this process may affect the choice and option needed as well as on what kind of resources available to use for an effective plan of intervention. In a wider level, nurses can also use the exposure that they had to advocate and help create policies to progress in addressing this issue.
Income and social status is one of the determinants of health. Being able to have a secured, low cost housing that provides for every individual or family during their whole lifetime is a major determinant of health and is important to good health. As Dr. David Hulchanski and colleague’s research “Three Cities” at the University of Toronto stated; “Housing insecurity is linked to income insecurity which is, in turn, leads to illness and premature death” (RNAO,2013). People who live in the street are more susceptible to physical and mental problem and are likely to die early due to sickness compared to general population. Homeless population are vulnerable to communicable diseases and substance abuse and this may jeopardize their health situation (RNAO, 2013). Health conditions become better as income and social status improve. Higher income means the affordability of an individual for a better way of life and providing their family a safe and secured environment. Being able to afford enough nutritious food on the table to share with the whole family is one of the most important things that an individual can hope for. In most cases, higher income and social status means more control and choices in their everyday lives. Some studies show that restricted options and poor coping skills while handling stress raises exposure that can lead to different kinds of diseases involving immune and hormonal systems. According to Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario, there is sufficient evidence that shows income and social status is related to better health and in fact, one of the major contributing factors of the determinants of health. (PHCA, 2013) Nurses have a major role addressing income and social status as determinants of health by engaging health care practices, assisting individuals and supporting health...
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