Describing the Different Types of Abuse

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Describing the different types of abuse
1. Physical abuse – This is causing someone physical harm, for example hitting, pushing, slapping, kicking etc. 2. Sexual abuse – Any form of sexual activities that a person has not or cannot give consents to or have been forced into, for example rape. 3. Emotional/psychological – This is causing some mental distress by using verbal abuse, threats, humiliation, control and intimidation. 4. Financial abuse – Taking people’s money goods or property without their permission 5. Institutional abuse - Services that fail to recognise the rights of service users and offer a poor quality of care or which tolerate ways of working which cause harm to vulnerable people. 6. Self-neglect – Failure of an adult to take care of himself/herself. 7. Neglect by others – When an individual is denied their basic rights and is given inadequate care. (Aii)

Signs and symptoms of the different types of abuse
Physical Abuse:
* Unexplained injuries
* Unexplained burns, cuts, bruises, Marks
* Flinching when approached
Sexual Abuse:
* Withdrawn
* Not wanting to be touched
* Unexplained injuries to genitals
* Overly sexualised Behaviour or language
* Genital soreness or infection
Emotional/Psychological Abuse:
* Lack of concentration on difficulty in focussing
* Overly anxious to please
* Loss of skills or abilities
* Withdrawal
* Agitation
* Depression
Financial Abuse:
* Suddenly unable to pay their bills
* Unexplained lack of money
* Being extra protective of money and possessions
* Sudden unexplained withdrawal of money from accounts.
Institutional Abuse:
* Inadequate equipment to support care given
* No care or support plan
* Inability to make choices or decisions
* Agitation if routine is broken
* Shared possessions in a residential setting.
* Dirty or dishevelled appearance
* Medication taken...
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